By the early 1920s, Smith had settled down and was living in Philadelphia, and in 1923 she met and married a man named Jack Gee. Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an African American blues singer. Ja, ich kann es nicht ausdrücken, aber sie hat eben Ausstrahlung und erfasst und fesselt mich. Es gibt keine Erklärung für ihren Gesang, ihre Stimme.“. Neal Black and Larry Garner – Guilty Saints. [6] Darin gab es viele anzügliche Bemerkungen über die Liebeskünste des Geliebten, die teilweise so direkt waren, dass man es als pornographisch bezeichnen kann. According to 1900 census, she was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States in July, 1892. Anschließend ging sie auf die Tourneen der Theater Owners Booking Association. She died that morning without regaining consciousness. Leben und Tod von Bessie Smith sind Thema der Jazzoper Cosmopolitan Greetings von Allen Ginsberg (Libretto), George Gruntz (Jazz-) und Rolf Liebermann (Zwölftonmusik), die 1988 in Hamburg uraufgeführt wurde. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Her comeback and life were cut short when she died on September 26, 1937, from injuries sustained in an automobile accident outside of Clarksdale, Mississippi. The fact that the "centre hole" in some of the master recordings had not been in the true middle of the master disc meant that there were wide variations in tone, pitch, key and phrasing, as commercially released records revolved around the spindle. Um aus dem Elend zu fliehen, schloss sie sich einem Vaudevilletheater an und zog mit ihm durch das Land. Elected to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989 (under the category Early Influences). Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.Nicknamed The Empress of the Blues, Smith was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s and 1930s. Oktober 2020 um 14:39 Uhr bearbeitet. Smith began forming her own act around 1913, at Atlanta's "81" Theater. Die Aufhebung der Prohibition sollte jedoch ein Ende des lukrativen Geschäfts bedeuten. Innerhalb kurzer Zeit verkaufte sich Down Hearted Blues rund 800.000 Mal. She was 43. Auf der Bühne nahm Bessie oft Stellung zu dieser Ungerechtigkeit, doch in ihren Aufnahmen finden sich selten sozialkritische oder politische Aussagen. Sie war, sagte er, “völlig baff über mein Angebot. The Afro-American Hospital, now the Riverside Hotel in Clarksdale, was the site of the dedication of the fourth historic marker on the Mississippi Blues Trail. Januar 1920 trat der 18. Bessie Smith [ˈbɛsɪ ˈsmɪθ] (* 15. November 1933 nahm sie unter Leitung von John Hammond noch weitere Songs auf, in denen sie sich stilistisch dem Jazz annäherte („Gimme a Pigfoot“). Ende der 20er Jahre gingen die Verkaufszahlen weiter zurück, und die wenigen Songs, die Bessie noch einspielte, hatten alle einen mehr oder minder pornographischen Anstrich. Morgan escaped without injuries. |  By the time Broughton returned approximately 25 minutes later, Bessie Smith was in shock. Her body was originally laid out at Upshur's funeral home. Am 30. Two ambulances arrived on the scene from Clarksdale; one from the black hospital, summoned by Mr. Broughton, the other from the white hospital, acting on a report from the truck driver, who had not seen the accident victims. Das andere große Thema in den USA jener Zeit war die Prohibition. Her summer tent show Harlem Frolics was a big success during 1925-1927, and Mississippi Days in 1928 kept the momentum going. Credited as : Blues and jazz singer, called "The Empress of the Blues", © 2010 BrowseBiography.com - Your Website for informations, John Legend collaborates with Pharrell, Q-Tip and Hit-Boy for, Jeff Bezos buys The Washington Post though he won't be leading, Quote from Pope Francis 'Who Am I to Judge? All user-contributed text on this page is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. In 1904, her oldest brother, Clarence, covertly left home, joining a small traveling troupe owned by Moses Stokes. She was also able to benefit from the new technology of radio broadcasting, even on stations that were in the segregated south. 1931 kündigte aber Columbia Records den Vertrag mit ihr. She died of her wounds in a Clarkdale, Mississippi hospital. Nach zwei Anläufen wurden die dritten Versionen von “Down-Hearted Blues” und “Gulf Coast Blues” für plattenreif befunden. Her lover, Richard Morgan, was driving and, probably mesmerized by the long stretch of straight road, misjudged the speed of a slow-moving truck ahead of him. Gee was impressed by the money, but never adjusted to show business life, or to Smith's bisexuality. Catto Elks Lodge to accommodate the estimated 10,000 mourners who filed past her coffin on Sunday, October 3. Bernard Malamud zitiert sie in „The Tenants“ auf dem Vorblatt seines Romans: „I got to make it, I got to find the end …“, Die Sängerin Janis Joplin, eine große Verehrerin von Bessie Smith, wollte 1970 deren Grab besuchen und stellte dabei angeblich fest, dass ihr Idol anonym beerdigt worden war. Gee thwarted all efforts to purchase a stone for his estranged wife, once or twice pocketing money raised for that purpose. Bessie spielte ihre erste Aufnahme, die auf Platte erscheinen sollte, im Februar 1923 für Columbia Records ein. Ihre E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. September 1937 fuhr sie gemeinsam mit ihrem Liebhaber Richard Morgan mit ihrem Wagen in Mississippi, als sie einen Lastwagen streiften und der Wagen sich überschlug. The recording industry had not directed its product to blacks, but the success of the record led to a search for female blues singers. Smith's career was cut short by a combination of the Great Depression, which nearly put the recording industry out of business, and the advent of "talkies", which spelled the end for vaudeville. Am 30. Hammond was known for his selective memory and gratuitous embellishments. ', British singer Sam Smith won four Grammy Awards with their 2014 debut album ‘In the Lonely Hour.’, Jazz and blues vocalist Bessie Smith's powerful, soulful voice won her countless fans and earned her the title "Empress of the Blues.". The 1900 census indicates that Bessie Smith was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in July 1892. During the marriage—a stormy one, with infidelity on both sides—Smith became the highest paid black entertainer of the day, heading her own shows, which sometimes featured as many as 40 troupers, and touring in her own railroad car. Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States. Miss Tucker war aber zu der Zeit unabkömmlich, so dass Bradford schließlich seinen Willen durchsetzen konnte. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert. Norah Jones coverte diesen Song auf ihren Konzerten. Anhang der amerikanischen Verfassung in Kraft, d.h. das staatliche Verbot, Alkohol herzustellen und zu verbreiten, das erst im Dezember 1923 wieder aufgehoben werden sollte. Her father was a Baptist minister and a laborer. By the time she was nine, she had lost her mother and a brother as well. Dr. Smith dressed her arm injury with a clean handkerchief and asked Broughton to go to a house about 500 feet off the road to call an ambulance. Given those historic limitations, the current digitally remastered versions of her work deliver significant, very positive differences in the sound quality of Smith's performances. Ihre E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. „Da ist sie. A new version of Last.fm is available, to keep everything running smoothly, please reload the site. '. September brachte Columbia den prophetischen Song “Nobody Knows You When You’re Down and Out” heraus, und im Oktober kam der Börsenkrach und führte zur Weltwirtschaftskrise. She was married to Jack Gee. In the film, directed by Dudley Murphy and shot in Astoria, she sings the title song accompanied by members of Fletcher Henderson's orchestra, the Hall Johnson Choir, pianist James P. Johnson and a string section—a musical environment radically different from any found on her recordings. Date of birth : 1894-04-15 Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer. It is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of the 500 songs that shaped rock 'n' roll. Ihr rechter Arm wurde amputiert. Eine dieser Versionen geht auf ein Zeitungsinterview des Magazins. Postal Stamps. In 1929, she and Gee permanently separated, and by the end of 1931 Smith had stopped working with Columbia altogether. April 1894 in Chattanooga in Tennessee geboren. As word of her death spread through Philadelphia's black community, the body had to be moved to the O.V. Jetzt schien sich das Publikum wieder für sie zu interessieren, und die Arbeitsangebote häuften sich. sondern als Tänzerin. She was buried in Mount Lawn Cemetery in Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania. Bessie Smith worked and recorded steadily throughout the decade, using many top musicians as sidemen on sessions including Louis Armstrong, Joe Smith (her favorite cornetist), James P. Johnson, and Charlie Green. Top Questions He and Broughton had almost finished clearing the back seat when they heard the sound of a car approaching at high speed. April 1894[1] in Chattanooga, Tennessee; † 26. Im März 1928 kam das Stück „Empty Bed Blues“ heraus. Diese Kindheit ist in ihrem Titel „Washwoman Blues“ beschrieben.