At their best Kopple and photographer Hart Perry bear unassuming, expressive witness to the experiences, aspirations and abiding grievances of the Brookside miners and their wives, who organized auxiliary strike actions. Still, there is a spirit that lives in Harlan, along with the ghosts of battles past. Women's participation in the Brookside coal strike: Militance, class, and gender in Appalachia. It won the Oscar for Best Documentary at the 49th Academy Awards. I organized 9 Locals Tuesday.”.
Our new issue, “After Bernie,” is out now. Cal Winslow takes a look back. Almost a full year into the strike, miner Lawrence Jones was fatally shot during a scuffle. Persuading an undecided voter. Interview L-0064-9. This was partially successful until County Judge F. Byrd Hogg, a mine owner himself, issued an injunction against the miners allowing only 3 people to picket at each of the two entrances to the mine.
Time to think of coal strike consequences. The wives, mothers, sisters, and daughters of the striking miners created the Brookside Women's Club (BWC) on 27 September 1973. Around 7 p.m. on Sunday, October 5, Brookside patrol officers followed a low jack alert and located a stolen truck from Cullman at a residence in the area of Brookside Coalburg Road. The new union leadership pledged to organize (or reorganize) the unorganized.
written by Florence Reece in 1931 during strikes that earned the community the name 'Bloody Harlan.'. Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP), known as black lung, is a chronic condition caused by exposure to coal dust. Workers Vanguard. Note: in 1973-74 another long bitter strike transpired at Harlan’s Brookside mine when the Duke Power Company refused to sign a UMWA contract. And when this strike came up, I saw the opportunity to jump right in and I did.”. They organized with UMWA in an effort to improve their working conditions and quality of life. The song “Which Side Are You On?” became the anthem of a reborn United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) union in the 1930s, then an anthem for all workers — a reflection of working-class consciousness in the turbulent New Deal years. For example, when the strike breakers and others hired by the company show up early in the film—the strikers call them "gun thugs"—the company people tried to keep their guns hidden from the camera. Physical removal of protesters from picket lines, weapons fired into miners' homes, verbal threats, and one murder. Maggard, Sally Ward. The Brookside strike is vividly recounted in Barbara Kopple’s masterpiece, the documentary Harlan County, USA. Get a discounted print subscription today. Kopple initially intended to make a film about Kenzie, Miners for Democracy and the attempt to unseat Tony Boyle as president of the UMWA. There, miners and union organizers fought the coal bosses for nearly a decade — for the right to have a union in a county where all but three incorporated towns were owned by the coal companies. The union staff, now led by a Montana official, Tony Boyle, encamped in the union offices and rarely ventured into Appalachia, where the depression of the ’30s seemed never to have ended. In the southern Appalachian fields stretching from West Virginia to Alabama, there was no union at all. Miners in Harlan County, Kentucky, have drawn national attention with their direct action — occupying a railroad track to halt a coal train until the miners get paid the wages they are owed for digging it up. She reveals that the head scab, Basil Collins, wanted to hire someone to shoot her; however, the most dangerous incidents were the acts of violence by the mine owners against the miners. (1976). Harlan County, USA is a 1976 American documentary film covering the "Brookside Strike" a 1973 effort of 180 coal miners and their wives against the Duke Power Company-owned Eastover Coal Company's Brookside Mine and Prep Plant in Harlan County, southeast Kentucky.It won the Oscar for Best Documentary at the 49th Academy Awards. The Brookside strike, bootlegging and the 1977 flood.
He is … In noting that the strike was typically referred to as "Bloody Harlan," Pollitt describes the violent aspects of the strike. Alabama Power investigators also identified stolen property on the scene as a part of their internal investigation. Rumors flew that a "hippie crew from New York" was sniffing around the strike. Kopple felt it was important to continue filming (or pretend to, even when they were out of film) because the presence of the crew and staff support seemed to help keep the violence down. Miners continue Kentucky strike. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 9 (3), pp 16-21.