Within the first year of operation, the pit extracted 17,000 tons of ore per day at a grade of 0.75% copper. Associated rock in this area is quartz monzonite from the Upper Cretaceous epoch 100.50 to 66.00 million years ago. The data and maps may not be used to determine title, ownership, legal descriptions or boundaries, legal jurisdiction, or restrictions that may be in place on either public or private land. Ultimately, about 1,000,000,000 tons of material were mined from the Berkeley Pit.
, A protozoan species, Euglena mutabilis, was found to reside in the pit by Andrea A. Stierle and Donald B. Stierle, and the protozoans have been found to have adapted to the harsh conditions of the water.  Immediately after the event, officials made efforts to scare birds away and prevent more from landing in the area. An admission fee is charged to go out on the viewing platform.
Historically the site has been associated with the Butte Mining District which is now part of the Deerlodge National Forest.
The mine is at 46°00′56″N 112°30′37″W / 46.01556°N 112.51028°W / 46.01556; -112.51028, at an altitude of 4,698 feet (1432 m) above mean sea level. Index map showing locations of mining districts and geographic areas, Butte 1 °X2° quadrangle, Montana 2 2.
Learn how and when to remove this template message, "McQueen photographs evoke bittersweet memories", "Thousands of snow geese die in Montana after landing on contaminated water", "Metals, acid in Berkeley Pit water killed geese, report confirms", "Thousands of Montana snow geese die after landing in toxic, acidic mine pit", "Migratory birds shooed away by drone, fireworks, lasers", "Thousands of Snow Geese Die at Abandoned Pit Mine", "Most Montana Superfund Work Continues Despite Stay-At-Home Directive", "Berkeley Pit water treatment plant is almost operational", "Butte Reaches Superfund Milestone, Releasing Berkeley Pit Water Into Silver Bow Creek", "Researchers Hope Creatures From Black Lagoon Can Help Fight Cancer", IA, The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology, Berkeley Pit Photos from the Montana Department of Environmental Quality, ISS image of Berkeley Pit (dated August 2, 2006), Butte, Montana toxic waste site turned tourist attraction yielding compounds that may be medically, environmentally useful, "Casualties of Copper: The Berkeley Pit, Montana. Formal or informal mining district names. 1996 – April, Montana Resources (MR) and ARCO divert Horseshoe Bend (HSB) drainage water away from Berkeley Pit to slow filling rate, per ROD. The Leonard Copper Mine was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open. 17 East Main Street
The mine was opened in 1955 and operated by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, and later by the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO), until its closure on Earth Day in 1982. As a result, the pit is laden with heavy metals and dangerous chemicals that leach from the rock, including copper, arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and sulfuric acid.. The Diggings™ is a resource for locating where mining claims are and have been. MINES IN THE BUTTE DISTRICT, WHILE INDIVIDUALLY MAY BE SMALL PRODUCERS ARE LARGE WHEN CONSIDERED AS A WHOLE DEPOSIT.  These findings were disputed by the State of Montana on the basis of its own lab tests. This includes all past production and remaining reserves. At Sandfire Resources Black Butte Copper Project,
Some of these species ingest metals and are being investigated as an alternative means of cleaning the water.. 20 FAULT. A “township” can refer to two different things. Production size when active was considered to be small.  Since its closure, the water level in the pit has risen to within 150 ft (46 m) of the natural water table.  Intense competition for the limited resources caused these species to evolve the production of highly toxic compounds to improve survivability; natural products such as Berkeleydione, berkeleytrione, and Berkelic acid have been isolated from these organisms which show selective activity against cancer cell lines. the season and will resume next May. Protecting the Smith River and its precious ecosystem is our top priority.
The acidic water in the pit carries a heavy load of dissolved heavy metals. ", Butte Mineyards, Berkeley Pit, Butte, Silver Bow County, MT, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Berkeley_Pit&oldid=982090094, Historic American Engineering Record in Montana, Environmental disasters in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A water treatment plant has been operating since October 2019. The data are dynamic and may change over time. An official report issued in 2017 by the U.S. The city of Butte is in the lower right corner. Geologic structural features affecting or characterizing the site or mine.
The Diggings™ makes no warranty, expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, nor assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, reliability, completeness or utility of these geospatial data, or for the improper or incorrect use of these geospatial data.  ARCO, the custodian of the pit, denied that the toxic water caused the death of the geese, attributing the deaths to an acute aspergillosis infection that may have been caused by a grain fungus, as substantiated by Colorado State University necropsy findings. we have committed ourselves to responsible development and adhere to our core values of implementing responsible environmental practices, and contributing long lasting benefits to local communities and to society.  (Levels of copper are high enough that Montana Resources has mined copper directly from the water. The site was first discovered in 1886. , Two communities and much of Butte's previously crowded east side were consumed by land purchases to expand the pit during the 1970s. From research and planning materials to timely updates and news about jobs. Whether it is filing a mine or researching one, the administering BLM office is going to be the definitive source.
Some of the most famous of these mines are shown with a red triangle, and a name where space permits. 1. Sandfire Resources America Inc
Learn about the studies, planning and 21st century methods … Emma Mine is situated nearby to Pioneer. Staff also use firearms to scare away birds during spring migration seasons. This website and the information on it are owned by Sandfire Resources America Inc. and its subsidiaries. The Black Butte Copper Project will be a model for responsible, viable mining methods and outcomes. It is 1 mi (1,600 m) long by 1⁄2 mi (800 m) wide with an approximate depth of 1,780 feet (540 m).
The Berkeley Pit is a former open pit copper mine located in Butte, Montana, United States.  Necropsies showed their insides were lined with burns and festering sores from exposure to high concentrations of copper, cadmium, and arsenic. This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 03:27. Mineralogical and chemical alteration at or near the site, which may help to indicate the geographic extent of the geological processes producing the mine. Mine handled by the Bureau of Land Management are not mapped by latitude and longitude, instead, these mines harken back to the Public Land Survey System. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Butte, MT. A total of 342 carcasses were recovered. The Leonard Copper Mine is in Butte-Silver Bow, Montana. 17 East Main Street
Mine shafts literally undermined much of the central district of Butte. , Construction began on a treatment plant at the Berkeley Pit in 2018, to treat water in the Pit before the water level before it contaminates local groundwater. Discover mining activity in your area and find new regions of opportunity. An approximate outline of the Berkeley Pit is shown in orange The Berkeley Pit is a tourist attraction, with an adjacent gift shop. The Black Butte Copper Project will be a model for responsible, viable mining methods and outcomes. White Sulphur Springs, MT 59645
The Northern Rocky Mountains physiographic province of the Rocky Mountain System characterize the geomorphology of the surrounding area. 20 FAULT. Browse mine owners by state in the United States of America, Browse owners by category (corporation, agency, private), Browse owners by interest relationship (partner, holder, agent, etc.). 2003 – November 17, HSB water treatment plant comes on line slowing pit filling rate. Physiographic area where the resource is found. ), On November 28, 2016, several thousand snow geese died after a large flock landed in the pit's water to avoid a snow storm. Butte Quartz Monzonite (Boulder Batholith), Basin Creek-Summit Valley Mining District. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. We're Montanans. 1 World-class significance is determined by total endowment of the contained commodity. VERY LITTLE EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT WORK HAS BEEN CARRIED OUT EAST OF THE NO. 2002 – Fall, USEPA and MDEQ issue order for Settling Defendants to begin design of water treatment plant for HSB water. . Historically the site has been associated with the Butte Mining District which is now part of the Deerlodge National Forest.
2000 – July, MR suspends mining operations due to high energy costs; HSB water allowed to flow back into pit, increasing pit filling rate. Many of these homes were either destroyed, buried, or moved to the southern end of Butte. Principal structures and plutons of the Sapphire thrust plate 5 TABLES 1. Learn about the studies, planning and 21st century methods that make this the safest operation Montana has ever seen.
Additional textual information about a site or mine. We're making history in Montana. Each commodity is considered separately and commodities cannot be combined to arrive at a significant size. The treatment facility will be able to treat ten million gallons of water per day. Silver vein lodes were then the most productive until copper was discovered in 1888.
The water, with dissolved oxygen, allows pyrite and sulfide minerals in the ore and wall rocks to decay, releasing acid. (406) 547-3466
Both are part of the PLSS measurement system but have different uses. THE GROUND BETWEEN THE VEINS WERE NETTED AND THAT LESSER STREAKS ARE ABUNDANT AND IN MANY PLACES THE GRANITE WAS COBWEBBED WITH ORE. White Sulphur Springs, MT 59645
Join our mailing list to get alerts for mine listing updates, new features, and special opportunities. The Leonard Copper Mine was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open. Box 431
In 1995, a flock of migrating geese landed in the Berkeley Pit and died.
The Berkeley Pit is a former open pit copper mine located in Butte, Montana, United States. Information hosted on The Diggings™ is based on publicly available data through the Bureau of Land Management.
This is where you can find every detail. Placer deposits were mined out by 1867.
Construction of the $19 million facility was completed in August 2019 and the first discharge of treated water into a local creek happened in October of 2019..