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Coal production in Washington hit a high in 2003 with an estimated total production of 6,232,000 short tons, yet production ceased in 2006. Coal has been mined in Washington since 1853. These characteristics make them desirable for use in most of the products we use every day. The highest grade of coal is called anthracite. Elements that were once widely dispersed in low concentrations in the magma become concentrated as they crystallize. The Interactive Map Viewer and … A GIS-based data compilation of nonmetallic minerals is available through direct download, or can be viewed through the Washington Interactive Geologic Map. In 1971 around 290,000 men were employed in the coal mining industry working at 292 pits across the UK - down from a workforce of 700,000 as recently as 1955. Such water can dissolve valuable elements throughout a large volume of rock. Fife housing is covered in the 1875 Notes on Miners' Housing and the 1918 Royal Commission Report. Coal is a sedimentary rock that is composed mainly of carbon. Information on the Fife Coal company, including lists of veteran employees can be found here.The following parishes have their own pages: Used extensively historically, but use has diminished after negative health effects from mercury exposure became more well known. Geologists use the term 'Industrial Minerals' to describe nonmetallic minerals that have economic or industrial uses. Castlebridge Colliery, Fife, was the last deep coal mine to be sunk in Scotland, in 1978, and in April 2001 it was completely filled in. Lignite is the first to form and is commonly known as “brown coal.” Lignite is generally not considered a marketable grade of coal. Photos taken earlier this month show eerie scenes inside. Metals mining during the same general time period occurred on both sides of the Cascade divide, but was largely concentrated in the northeastern portion of The Coal Authority holds coal mining data in a national database. Both the Centralia Coal Mine and the John Henry Mine are both undergoing reclamation at this time. Metallic minerals are elements or compounds that are generally hard, shiny, malleable, and usually have good electrical and thermal conductivity and high density. The velocity of flowing water determines whether the minerals are carried in suspension or deposited. This provides information on past and present coal mining. Click on the map below to download PDF-format Inactive and Abandoned Mine Land Reports for specific mining districts. Minerals that are large or heavy such as gold will concentrate in areas where the water current slows. Miller Dolomite Quarry in Snohomish County. The Longannet power station near Kincardine used to source much of its coal from nearby pits but the Longannet coal mine closed after severe flooding in 2002, an event which more or less marked the end of deep mining in Fife and indeed Scotland. There are several ways to get more information about coal in Washington. Many of Washington's metal mines are now abandoned, and the Survey has steadily made headway in inventorying the history, physical characteristics, and geologic and environmental hazards of over 60 abandoned mine sites or districts. 1, 2 … The mines shown are by no means all of the metallic mines in Washington. Coal miners in the Roslyn-Cle Elum coal field, circa 1957. Scatter Creek Silica Quarry in King County. Lumphinanns No XI & XII. Anthracite has the highest carbon content and lowest impurities of any of the coal grades, which give it the highest BTU output per ton. A century ago, Centralia, Pennsylvania was a busy small town filled with shops, residents and a brisk mining business. The Utah Geological Survey (UGS) has created this digital database of abandoned coal mine maps as part of its mission to provide information about Utah’s geologic environment, resources, and hazards to promote safe, beneficial, and wise use of land. Vein mineralization with bornite, malachite, and chalcopyrite from the Sunset Copper Mine in eastern Snohomish County. No1 shaft 150 fathoms and No2 shaft 120 fathoms. The resource provides records dating back to the mid-1800s. Although production within the past few decades was from surface mines, nearly all coal produced prior to about 1970 came from underground workings. Our Publications and Maps page provides several options for locating mineral-related information. Only the mines with more than 2,000 feet of underground development, more than 10,000 tons of production, or had a known mill site or smelter have been evaluated at this point. Fife Other Fife resources on this site: There are extensive extracts on Fife in the 1842 Commission reports and also the Mining District Reports. Their characteristics and means of formation are highly variable. Historically industrial minerals have been mined statewide; however, most of the production has been on the east side of the state. Historic survey plats showing former mine locations are also available from the Bureau of Land Management. He was working as a mining surveyor in Fife when in 1962 he was told to report the Kinneil colliery in Bo'ness where he still lives. Milling is defined as the process of grinding or crushing ore and extracting base or precious metals by chemical solution, electrowinning, or flotation processes. Mines included under the Metals Mining and Milling Operations Act are defined as operations mining base or precious metals and processing the ore by treatment or concentration in a milling facility. The Metals Mining and Milling Operations Act (chapter 78.56 RCW), passed in 1994, established a regulatory scheme that is specific to metal mining. The remainder of the mines existed prior to the Metals Mining and Milling Act was signed. DNR's responsibilities are carried out through the Washington Geological Survey. Some of these workings pose a risk to buildings or other structures. Because of this, we have published a lot of information about minerals over the years. One of the main functions of the Survey in the early half of the 20th century was to inventory Washington coal resources and report production. Mining of coal and metallic minerals in Washington began in the mid to late 1800s. Newer mines have produced gold, lead, zinc, magnesium, and aluminum. Production came from five coal beds within the Skookumchuck Formation. Currently, Washington has several permitted metal mines, but only one of them is operational—the Buckhorn Mountain gold mine in Okanogan County, managed by Kinross Gold Corporation. They are generally formed through one of three geological processes. One of the main functions of the Survey in the early half of the 20th century was to inventory Washington mineral resources and report production. Most of these reports pertain to metal mines. In Washington, the major nonmetallic minerals are diatomite, shale, silica, olivine (dunite), barite, and carbonates (limestone, dolomite and marble). Our Publications and Maps page provides several options for locating coal-related information. Metals mining during the same general time period occurred on both sides of the Cascade divide, but was largely concentrated in the northeastern portion of the state. Abandoned coal workings throughout the state are a potential hazard through subsidence or collapse. There are currently no active coal mines in Washington State. As part of an effort to identify hazards and environmental impacts of inactive mine lands, the Survey has published about 50 reports on abandoned mines. Because of this, we have published a lot of information about coal over the years. Coal production in Washington hit a high in 2003 with an estimated total production of 6,232,000 short tons, yet production ceased in 2006. Metal mine reclamation is regulated through the Surface Mining Act (RCW 78.44, chapter 332-18 WAC). As the peat is metamorphosed through high pressure, coal is formed in three distinct grades. County Name Town From Month Closed (Merged) Comments Ayrshire Afton No.1 New Cumnock 1871 October 1948 Ayrshire Auchincruive Prestwick 1900 June 1973 Ayrshire Auchincruive Nos. One of the main functions of the Survey in the early half of the 20th century was to inventory Washington mineral resources and report production. The Coal Mine Map Collection consists of a database and scanned historic maps of coal mine workings. Most metal mining was concentrated in the north Cascade Range and in the Okanogan geologic province. The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's Office of Active and Abandoned Mine Operations has collaborated with Pennsylvania State University to produce the Pennsylvania Mine Map Atlas. A GIS-based data compilation of metallic minerals is available through direct download, or can be viewed through the Washington Interactive Geologic Map. Since early in this century, Washington State law has required mine operators to submit detailed plans of all underground coal operations to the state on an annual basis. Because of this, we have published a lot of information about minerals over the years. Hydrothermal ore deposits are formed where groundwater becomes super-heated. There are several ways to get more information about nonmetallic minerals in Washington. The Act includes new or expanding mines and mills, but excludes existing mines and mills. Map of major coal fields and reserve grade. There are several ways to get more information about metallic minerals in Washington. Ore deposits are metallic minerals in sufficient volume and concentration to be extracted economically. The Alder gold and silver mine site in the Twisp Mining District. Second to form is bituminous coal, which was the main type of coal mined in Washington. Use Ctrl+F (Command+F on a MAC) to open a search box to find text on this page. A GIS-based data compilation of coal resources is available through direct download, or can be viewed through the Washington Interactive Geologic Map. Magmatic ore deposits are concentrated within a body of igneous rock. Spectacle Limestone Quarry in Okanogan County. Placer ore deposits are formed by flowing surface waters. Opencasting in Fife was severely reduced after the premature closure of the power station.