This book recounts her story as well as other people who were affected by the day. Newid ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 0000001082 00000 n The Black Mystery explores the history of the western section of the South Wales coalfield, where coal has been mined since the Middle Ages. South Wales lost 241 mines in the same period. trailer << /Size 91 /Info 56 0 R /Root 58 0 R /Prev 622028 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 58 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 55 0 R >> endobj 89 0 obj << /S 83 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 90 0 R >> stream His book recounts his childhood and the community with warmth; from the chapel culture to the community’s love of the cinema. World War Two didn't buck the trend in terms of production, but indirectly it had the effect of instilling some optimism.

The last five pits to close were Taff Merthyr (1992), Carway Fawr (1992), Point of Ayr (1996), Tower (2008) & Aberpergwm (2011) H�b```c``�b`e`X�� �� 6P��� ��㭑 /�}Ƴa:�_XVv1$�rP�� 0000001734 00000 n Ronald Rees explains how coal is formed, found and mined; he examines the growth of the mining village and compares it to the contrasting living conditions found in the eastern valleys. 0000008967 00000 n 0000012295 00000 n The End of Coal Mining in South Wales Lessons learned from industrial transformation 1.0 Introduction 1.1 South Wales and Shanxi Province This case study is one of three produced by the International Institute on Sustainable Development (IISD) to inform Shanxi Province, China, of the experience and lessons learned elsewhere on the phasing out of coal mining and interventions to … Here are a list of five must read books…, 5. 0000001306 00000 n 0000004990 00000 n 0000010476 00000 n However, pre-industrial mining has largely been obliterated by later operations. 0000001027 00000 n 0000009749 00000 n 0000006665 00000 n ( Log Out /  0000007424 00000 n ( Log Out / 

Newid ). Rhoi gwybod i mi drwy e-bost am unrhyw gofnodion newydd. Between 1849 and 1853, miners over the age of 25 in the Merthyr Tydfil district were found to have a life expectancy of around 20 years, lower than in other mining areas of England and Wales. ��©\Z�$S�w^8�P��=}B�㨢�p�i�o��y �k�E�&G 6�9 wX�|s!JB����* �� *|'��. Large scale mining started in the south-west of the coalfield in the 16th and 17th centuries, serving a sea-based export trade centred on Llanelli; see Figure 1. Sam Adams recounts the story of his family and explores themes such as a sense of belonging and place as he simultaneously tells the story of Gilfach Goch; a mining valley in Rhondda. 0000018815 00000 n David Barnes reconstructs the life of Alf Gordon, his grandfather, during the first half of the twentieth-century. She explores the nature of courage, grief and faith and the part they had to play in how everyone dealt with such devastation. Vivian Jones. Thousands of tonnes of coal tip waste slid down the side of the mountain and covered Aberfan, including the primary school on the last day of term. Mining History Coal and iron ore have been mined for centuries in some parts of the coalfield. ( Log Out /  0000005860 00000 n 0000002815 00000 n South Wales Coalfield When the coal industry was nationalised in 1947, there were 250 collieries in Wales; now there are none. Rhoi gwybod i mi drwy e-bost am sylwadau newydd. 0000018838 00000 n %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000008946 00000 n It is a story of one place and one family – and yet could be the history of any family from a mining valley. 0000016647 00000 n Scarcely an hour's drive west of the pristine villages, prosperous cottage gardens, and sylvan landscapes of the Cotswolds lies the southern Welsh county of mid-Glamorgan. 0000017730 00000 n

0000010455 00000 n South Wales is built on coal, both geologically and historically. 0000001523 00000 n 0000008204 00000 n 0000015556 00000 n Ronald Rees explains how coal is formed, found and mined; he examines the growth of the mining village and compares it to the contrasting living conditions found in the eastern valleys. 0000001285 00000 n Newid ), You are commenting using your Google account. 0000005881 00000 n �a�Ǣ�"ˢ����������# ��O�x-g�BCe=5 �{�AF *"; endstream endobj 90 0 obj 119 endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 55 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 467 676 ] /Resources 60 0 R /Contents [ 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 79 0 R ] /Tabs /S /CropBox [ 0 0 467 676 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 60 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB ] /Font << /F1 63 0 R /F0 61 0 R /F8 62 0 R /F6 80 0 R /F3 81 0 R /F4 85 0 R /F2 86 0 R /F5 84 0 R /F7 82 0 R /F10 83 0 R >> /XObject << /im73 88 0 R >> >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F0 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /FirstChar 30 /LastChar 255 /Widths [ 778 778 250 333 408 500 500 833 778 180 333 333 500 564 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 564 564 564 444 921 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 722 667 556 611 722 722 944 722 722 611 333 278 333 469 500 333 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 480 200 480 541 778 500 778 333 500 444 1000 500 500 333 1000 556 333 889 778 611 778 778 333 333 444 444 350 500 1000 333 980 389 333 722 778 444 722 250 333 500 500 500 500 200 500 333 760 276 500 564 333 760 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 453 250 333 300 310 500 750 750 750 444 722 722 722 722 722 722 889 667 611 611 611 611 333 333 333 333 722 722 722 722 722 722 722 564 722 722 722 722 722 722 556 500 444 444 444 444 444 444 667 444 444 444 444 444 278 278 278 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 549 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 ] >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F8 /BaseFont /Courier /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /FirstChar 30 /LastChar 255 /Widths [ 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /FirstChar 30 /LastChar 255 /Widths [ 778 778 250 333 420 500 500 833 778 214 333 333 500 675 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 333 333 675 675 675 500 920 611 611 667 722 611 611 722 722 333 444 667 556 833 667 722 611 722 611 500 556 722 611 833 611 556 556 389 278 389 422 500 333 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 278 444 278 722 500 500 500 500 389 389 278 500 444 667 444 444 389 400 275 400 541 778 500 778 333 500 556 889 500 500 333 1000 500 333 944 778 556 778 778 333 333 556 556 350 500 889 333 980 389 333 667 778 389 556 250 389 500 500 500 500 275 500 333 760 276 500 675 333 760 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 523 250 333 300 310 500 750 750 750 500 611 611 611 611 611 611 889 667 611 611 611 611 333 333 333 333 722 667 722 722 722 722 722 675 722 722 722 722 722 556 611 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 667 444 444 444 444 444 278 278 278 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 549 500 500 500 500 500 444 500 444 ] >> endobj 64 0 obj 792 endobj 65 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 64 0 R >> stream