Since 1978, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy,[24] and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time after 1996. The Dominican Republic celebrates Dia de la Altagracia on January 21 in honor of its patroness, Duarte's Day on January 26 in honor of one of its founding fathers, Independence Day on February 27, Restoration Day on August 16, Virgen de las Mercedes on September 24, and Constitution Day on November 6. The capital city Santo Domingo had a population of 2,907,100 in 2010. The author of its lyrics, Emilio Prud'Homme, consistently uses the poetic term "Quisqueyans" (Quisqueyanos). Religious Beliefs In The Dominican Republic. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("Language", "en"); Thus, Ovando expropriated the gold mines of Miguel Diaz and Francisco de Garay in 1504, as pit mines became royal mines, though placers were open to private prospectors. The occupying government also revived the Dominican economy, reduced the nation's debt, built a road network that at last interconnected all regions of the country, and created a professional National Guard to replace the warring partisan units. There are many small offshore islands and cays that form part of the Dominican territory. For most of its history, up until independence, the country was known as Santo Domingo[38] – the name of its present capital and patron saint, Saint Dominic – and continued to be commonly known as such in English until the early 20th century. The contest was won by Medina with 51.21% of the vote, against 46.95% in favor of Mejia. Balaguer was not a candidate. [106] Richard N. Goodwin, Assistant Special Counsel to the President, who had direct contacts with the rebel alliance, argued for intervention against Trujillo.

Trujillo also carried out an important housing construction program and instituted a pension plan. [90][91] In 1899, he was assassinated. From 1896 to 1907 missionaries from the Episcopal, Free Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist and Moravians churches began work in the Dominican Republic. To the north, at distances of 100–200 kilometres (62–124 mi), are three extensive, largely submerged banks, which geographically are a southeast continuation of the Bahamas: Navidad Bank, Silver Bank, and Mouchoir Bank. [49], The Spaniards arrived in 1492. Trujillo stood to elect himself, and in May he was elected president virtually unopposed after a violent campaign against his opponents, ascending to power on August 16, 1930. Sugar cane was introduced to Hispaniola from the Canary Islands, and the first sugar mill in the New World was established in 1516, on Hispaniola. [81], In 1861, after imprisoning, silencing, exiling, and executing many of his opponents and due to political and economic reasons, Santana signed a pact with the Spanish Crown and reverted the Dominican nation to colonial status. The army killed an estimated 17,000 to 35,000 Haitian men, women, and children over six days, from the night of October 2, 1937, through October 8, 1937. The first line was planned to relieve traffic congestion in the Máximo Gómez and Hermanas Mirabal Avenue. Tourist areas tend to have more reliable power, as do business, travel, healthcare, and vital infrastructure.