Those directors tend to have a very specific, signature style that lets the audience know right away whose film they're watching.
His attention to both the business and creative sides of production: writing, directing, lighting, editing and art direction coincided with the rise of the auteur theory. 0-520-05798-8)", "Jean Vigo: artist of the floating world", "The Humanity in the Films of Denis Villeneuve",, "The Essentials: The 8 Best Luchino Visconti Films", "Josef von Sternberg: the man who made Marlene sparkle", "Lars von Trier - An auteur's apocalypse, now", "Andrzej Wajda, Towering Auteur of Polish Cinema, Dies at 90", "Wang Bing on Dead Souls: "You have to show some truth, "Eating (and Drinking and Sleeping) Raoul", "John Waters: why the auteur of outrage won't joke about the Manson murders", "Thai Arthouse Director Apichatpong Weerasethakul Laments Local Censorship", "MoMA Celebrates Auteur Director Wim Wenders With Retrospective", "Seven Beauties: The Films of Lina Wertmüller", "Billy Wilder, Hollywood's Cynical Auteur", "Tommy Wiseau, auteur of the world's worst movie", "For the Auteur of Action, a Thoughtful Turn", "9 Reasons Why Edgar Wright Is the Most Inventive Filmmaker Working Today", "Robert Zemeckis, Master of Illusion, Returns", "Zhang Yimou on His Historical Epic 'Shadow': "I Feel More Comfortable Doing Stories in Chinese, "The Devil's Auteur: Rob Zombie Faces His Fans -- and His Art", "Polish Auteur Andrzej Zulawski Emerges for First Film in 15 Years", "Andrey Zvyagintsev: The Last of the Auteurs", "What Happened To Zack Snyder's Justice League Is A 'Terrible Wrong' To Learn From, DC Colleague Says",, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 22:28. His singular mis-en-scene, and skill behind the camera, was aligned with Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock and Satyajit Ray. [36] Before the progressive pop of the late 1960s, performers were typically unable to decide on the artistic content of their music.

An auteur (/oʊˈtɜːr/; French: [otœʁ], lit. Anytime a band or musician disappears into a studio to contrive an album-length mystery, the ghost of Wilson is hovering near. [31][32] Author Matthew Bannister named him the first "star" producer.

[37] Wilson became the first rock producer to use the studio as a discrete instrument,[35] thus making the Beach Boys one of the first rock groups to exert studio control. Jean-Luc Godard said, "Jerry the only one in Hollywood doing something different, the only one who isn't falling in with the established categories, the norms, the principles. [25] Film historian Aljean Harmetz, referring to the creative input of producers and studio executives in classical Hollywood, argues that the auteur theory "collapses against the reality of the studio system". A director who falls in this category usually has complete control over the creative elements of producing a film. They emphasised that auteurs can use lighting, camerawork, staging and editing to add to their vision.[8]. From the 1960s, record producer Phil Spector is considered the first auteur among producers of popular music. [48], Leader of a collaborative work equivalent to the author of a book, David A Cook, "Auteur Cinema and the film generation in 70s Hollywood", in The New American Cinema by Jon Lewis (ed), Duke University Press, New York, 1998, pp. screenwriters) as apprentices. [7], In the 1960s and the 1970s, the filmmaking industry was revitalized by a new generation of directors. "Michel Gondry: the mad scientist of cinema", "An Alternative to Haptic Cinema: Philippe Grandrieux: Sonic Cinema, by Greg Hainge", "James Gray: An American Auteur Ready to Be Discovered by the French", "10 Essential Peter Greenaway Films You Need To Watch", "Michael Haneke - Great director profile", "Secret Love: Todd Haynes, Cate Blanchett and Rooney Mara bring Patricia Highsmith's 'Carol' into the open", "Influential director Monte Hellman makes a road trip to Harvard", "Werner Herzog: as visionary, and mad, as his characters", "Joanna Hogg on The Souvenir, Painting the Structure of a Film in Watercolors and More", "King Who? François Truffaut criticized the prevailing "Cinema of Quality" trend in France in his 1954 essay Une certaine tendance du cinéma français ("A certain tendency in French cinema"). [7], Around the same time, the French film critics André Bazin and Roger Leenhardt became advocates for the theory that it is the directors who bring the film to life and use the film to express their thoughts and feelings about the subject matter as well as a worldview as an auteur. ^ Smith, Paul Julian (August 21, 1999).

[4][5] The theory found its official name in 1955 articles by François Truffaut.

The Film Fund wants to show off your stamps. Likewise, James Agee, one of the most famous film critics of the 1940s, said that "the best … Auteurism originated in the French film criticism of the late 1940s as a value system[3] that derives from the film criticism approach of André Bazin and Alexandre Astruc—dubbed auteur theory by the American critic Andrew Sarris. The concept has since been applied to producers of popular music as well as to video game creators. In an age of 'auteurs', he was the auteur personified, the writer, director and star of his films, active in the editing, choosing the soundtrack, initiating the projects. Stefan Kanfer, The Shock of Freedom in Films, Time Magazine, Dec 8, 1967, Accessed 25 April 2009, harvp error: no target: CITEREFSchatz1993 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSadoul1972 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFButler2012 (, The American Cinema: Directors and Directions 1929–1968, "Everyone's a Critic: Film Criticism Through History and Into the Digital Age", Final Cut - Dreams And Disaster In The Making Of Heaven's Gate by Steven Bach (Starbrite): Starbite-Internet Archive, The Beginning of the Auteur Theory * Filmmaker IQ, Tommy Wiseau: The Last Auteur-Brows Held High-KyleKallgrenBHH on YouTube, Sarris, Andrew The Auteur Theory-Internet Archive, "A Survivor of Film Criticism's Heroic Age", "Richard Corliss, 71, Longtime Film Critic for Time, Dies", "Study: Female Filmmakers Lost Ground in 2016", "How Pet Sounds Invented the Modern Pop Album", "Hideo Kojima – video gaming's first auteur – Screen Robot", "Final Fantasy XV and The Last Guardian: The Last of their Kind", "Is Suda 51 the Alfred Hitchcock of Video Games? A director who falls in this category usually has complete control over the creative elements of producing a film.

[10], Andrew Sarris coined the phrase "auteur theory" to translate la politique des auteurs and is credited for popularizing it in the United States and English-speaking media. Even if you haven't won one of our contests (yet). In the 1970s, Allen looked irreverent, hip, a part of the New Hollywood generation. In her 1971 essay Raising Kane (1971), on Orson Welles's Citizen Kane, she points out how the film made extensive use of the distinctive talents of co-writer Herman J. Mankiewicz and cinematographer Gregg Toland.[21]. Also, he argued that the film can be seen only as a work of a collective and not as a work of a single person. [30], The references of auteur theory are occasionally applied to musicians, musical performers and music producers. He's been able to do it because of his personal genius". 1–4. [6][7] Likewise, James Agee, one of the most famous film critics of the 1940s, said that "the best films are personal ones, made by forceful directors".

Richard Corliss and David Kipen have argued that writing is more important to a film's success than the directing. Japanese developer Hideo Kojima (Metal Gear series) is considered to be the first auteur of video games. The Chinese Director You Should Know", "80's Auteur of Teenage Angst: The John Hughes Touch", "John Huston: a prolific filmmaker with some brilliant works", "Pigs, Pimps, and Prostitutes: 3 Films by Shohei Imamura", "The Auteurs: Alejandro González Iñárritu", "Barry Jenkins Is Trying Not to Think About 'Barry Jenkins, "An Eye for Detail, an Imagination at Play", "Toronto: Gigi Pritzker, Nicolas Chartier, Bill Hader Set for Industry Conference", "Holy Blood And Holy Mountains: The Cinema Of Alejandro Jodorowsky", "For auteurs, the question sometimes becomes: How much do you believe in your film? [33], Another early pop music auteur was the producer-songwriter Brian Wilson,[34] who himself was mentored by Spector. [34], Discussing the Beach Boys' 1966 album Pet Sounds for The Atlantic, Jason Guriel wrote that Brian Wilson anticipated later auteurs such as Kanye West, as well as "the rise of the producer" and "the modern pop-centric era, which privileges producer over artist and blurs the line between entertainment and art. If you’ve ever asked the question, “What are the Greatest Auteurs in Film History?” before then you’ve definitely landed on the right page! [35] Wilson was one of the first recording artists allowed to act as an entrepreneurial producer, a position he attained thanks to his immediate success with the Beach Boys after signing to Capitol Records in 1962. This is a list of filmmakers who have been described as an auteur. Within the context of cinema, the word auteur is used to describe a director who exerts a high level of control across all aspects of a film. He defended directors Alfred Hitchcock and Howard Hawks, proposing to see their works as a whole, with recurring themes and obsessions. Writing for IndieWire in 2013, Maria Giese noted that pantheons of auteur directors rarely included a single woman. 2018 Interview: Yoko Taro: The game industry's true auteur", "The Architects: Video Gaming's Auteurs - IGN", "Tim Schafer Wants to Make an Adventure Game, the Internet Gives Him $1,000,000", "How the creator of Dreamfall got back to his roots – Polygon", Auteurism Is Alive and Well by Andrew Sarris on Internet Archive, The American Cinema: Directors and Direction 1929-1968, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, New Review of Film and Television Studies,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 17:36.
An auteur is a filmmaker or director whose personal, individual production style and creative flare gives his or her films a distinctive, unique feel. What to do? [11] He began applying its methods to Hollywood films, and expanded his thoughts in his book The American Cinema: Directors and Directions 1929–1968 (1968). He took control of everything, he picked the artists, wrote or chose the material, supervised the arrangements, told the singers how to phrase, masterminded all phases of the recording process with the most painful attention to detail, and released the result on his own label. [12][13] Studios showed an increased willingness to let directors take risks.