The Empire Strikes Back: So You Want to Be a Jedi? Many worlds across the galaxy were represented in the Senate which was headquartered on Coruscant, capital of the Republic. Destructive wars were fought between the Sith and the Jedi in the age of the Old Republic. While the Outland Regions Security Force at first lacked success, it soon came to be renowned for its efficiency at dealing with raiders, especially after Wilhuff Tarkin was accepted into Outland's anti-piracy task force, in which he was known for outsmarting and outmaneuvering his opponents.[5]. Senate has become paralyzed in the years since the treaty. The Republic is made up of several hundred thousands of worlds, and each planet or system has representation in the Republic Senate, which comprises most of the Republic Legislative Branch and the government itself. The Republic and Jedi forces fail to keep the Empire's Forces out of Republic Space. Bred for loyalty and combat, clones symbolized the future of galactic warfare at the time of the Clone Wars, the conflict that derived its name from their ranks. A variant of the Republic crest was used during the Clone Wars. It was an age of unprecedented peace that lasted for almost a millennium, beginning with the rise of the modern Galactic Republic. The Republic is portrayed as a democratic constitutional republic that has sustained itself peacefully for over twenty-five thousand years, but is tied up in layers of bureaucracy. The peaceful age of the Republic allowed the people of the galaxy to pursue leisure activities, some of which achieved galactic-level attention. [Source]. Despite this, the Republic remained slow to invite new systems into its fold, as the addition of new territories diminished the political power of existing senators. The armies of the Old Republic were able to defeat the remaining Sith by taking advantage of the infighting within the Order, which proved to be the Sith's undoing. With the Senate hamstrung by political infighting and a strict adherence to protocol, it failed to bring swift resolutions to either the Invasion of Naboo[9] or the Separatist Crisis. Republic architecture featured prominently on Coruscant, the capital world of the Galactic Republic. Though the Jedi directed the Republic war effort, the war was orchestrated by Supreme Chancellor Sheev Palpatine—the Dark Lord of the Sith Darth Sidious—who transformed the Republic into a military dictatorship. [15], The Old Republic managed to regain some of its strength after its forces had reclaimed the capital, capable of going on the offensive. The Jedi Order's influence expanded from the Core Worlds to the Outer Rim in the High Republic Era. There was an exponential growth in Republic patriotism due to the Clone Wars and the accompanying propaganda that promoted loyalty to the state. The Galactic Senate was mired in political corruption during the Republic's final years. As depicted in the Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith novelization and deleted scenes from the film itself, a bloc of senators began to emerge, even before the Clone Wars end, who oppose Palpatine's authoritarian rule and resent his treatment of the Jedi and other opponents. Soon the Republic reforms and demilitarizes at the Ruusan Reformation, shortly after the Seventh Battle of Ruusan. Patriotic messages stirred an entire generation into action; however, they could not enlist in the Grand Army as its ranks were exclusive to clone troopers. Right before the collapse, though, the Liberation of Coruscant occurs, and the Empire collapses. Head of government [5], A deep-rooted hatred and distrust grew over the centuries between the galaxy's outer fringes and the cosmopolitan Core, with those in the hinterlands gradually coming to believe themselves the victims of social and economic injustices. Padawan Barriss Offee also disagreed with the Jedi's involvement in the Clone Wars, and staged a bombing in the Jedi Temple as protest, all while framing Ahsoka Tano of committing the act before being captured herself.[54]. The Mandalorian Wars brought on the beginning of the Old Republic's downfall. [15] Coruscant in particular was emblematic of Republic society with its diverse mix of citizens and culture, making the Republic capital the "vibrant heart" of the galaxy.[82]. There are a wide variety of different local governments along the political spectrum: from monarchies to republics to hive-like communes. Consequently, many useful star systems were left waiting—some for centuries—for the body politic to admit their world as a member of the Congress, even though it came at the cost of the body's overall power.[40]. These elite troopers still work often in conjunction Many systems, eager to benefit from the opportunities offered by charting hyperlanes through their system, sought to influence the Republic Senate to put themselves on the galactic map.[5]. [74], There were several types of clone soldiers that stood as a breed apart from their rank-and-file brethren. Blaming the Jedi for the failures that led to Imperial domination, the Senate has distanced itself from the Republic's legendary guardians. The Galactic Senate also meets less often, as the Chancellor is voted more emergency powers to act on his own during the time of crisis. Henceforth, their ranks were limited to a Sith Master and a Sith apprentice.[31]. Vice Chancellor Mas Amedda sought to promote the Republic's multicultural aspect, having taken notice of the attention given to human citizens by the Republic media. [47] However, political intrigue fueled not only the conflict, but also advances in weaponry and the development of equipment to enhance existing armed forces. Each platform in the senate represents a "sector" of the galaxy. The Republic exerted most of its power from the Core Worlds to the borders of the Mid Rim, to the extent that corporations conducted their legally dubious practices in regions where the Republic held little sway. The Republic Navy utilized Venator-class Star Destroyers as capital ships. Due to the fact that, at some point in its past, the Old Republic declared slavery illegal and expected other civilizations of the galaxy to comply, it took an aggressive stance against the Zygerrians. has been the most civilized and advanced power in the known The Galactic Republic placed its faith in the Jedi Order,[80] relying on Jedi Knights to safeguard peace and justice in the realm. [70], The Republic also resumed its plans to bring Mandalore into the fold. [21], Thousands of years before the Imperial Era, the Corellian royalty sponsored exploration and colonization efforts that helped expand the frontiers of the Old Republic. [citation needed] The most common organization for these new territories is to group regions into Sectors of about 50 inhabited worlds. This arrangement would entangle Republic politicians with corporate lobbyists, both of which profited from the flow of settlers who had to pay tariffs and registration fees in order to reach the Outer Rim through one of the Federation's hyperspace routes.[15]. When the Republic's power and influence expand, many new areas of the galaxy are incorporated into the Republic. The Jedi were seen by the public as an order of mystics at best and, at worst, regarded as a zealous sect of warmongers.[15]. The Republic filled its war chest by encouraging its citizens to buy war bonds. [5], At some point, the Jedi Temple was constructed over the Sith shrine in order to contain its dark energy. The Galactic Empire sought to erase all traces of the Galactic Republic. The historian Janyor described the Galactic Republic as "the Republic of legend, greater than distance or time." [15], The Galactic Republic was first mentioned in the new Star Wars canon as the "Old Republic" through the 1977 film Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, directed by George Lucas. The entire government apparatus and bureaucracy was overseen and expedited by the head of the Senate, the Republic's Supreme Chancellor. Its territorial extent changed numerous times over the course of the Clone Wars, with worlds lost and reclaimed by the Grand Army of the Republic. Senators are ambassadors of their homeworlds or systems. Constitution based on democracy, freedom and individual rights. This would lead to a series of conflicts between both groups that would go on for thousands of years until the Old Republic's ultimate collapse. Both governments dispatched their delegates to the neutral world in addition to Republic Senate Commandos and Separatist BX-series droid commandos. The Senate gives the Chancellor emergency powers in times of crisis and removes him from office when necessary. These elite troopers still work often in conjunction with the Jedi, but in many places, the troopers have taken the prominent role in providing the Republic's defense. For more than twenty thousand years, the Galactic Republic has been the most civilized and advanced power in the known galaxy. The Grand Army of the Republic was composed of clone troopers. Right before the collapse, though, the Liberation of Coruscant occurs, and the Empire collapses. Member worlds and systems maintain their governments and societies as long as it does not defy any central and core Republican laws. The Jedi Order, a religious order adhering to the light side of the Force, supported the Republic against its enemies. Judicial Department[5] Eventually, Palpatine gains enough political power that he and his office are equal to the Senate.