Barriers not identified by the Mining Program include (1) the indirect relationship between the work of NIOSH and direct impact in the workplace and (2) an incomplete understanding of weather-related ignition sources. If these documents have been published for extended periods of time, they should be withdrawn and/or revised based on new information. Finding a means to receive input from all sectors with a focus on mines, given limited resources, is the key to industry-wide response. ... Freedom of the press, trade unions, and NGOs play a key role in reducing mine accident rates. Historically, mine disaster prevention research within the Mining Program has been of the highest relevance and has had the highest positive impacts on the worker. It is difficult to find particular information and should include an easier way to access Information Circulars and other publications of interest to the industry. Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name. The stated performance measure for this strategic goal is the reduction of the number of injuries and deaths attributed to mine fires, explosions, inundations, and rescue and response activities by 25 percent between 2010 and 2014, compared to the average yearly total from 1990 to 2001 (compiled from MSHA accident statistics). The committee judges mining disaster prevention research to be focused on lesser priorities. The Mining Program should be more involved in monitoring the work of, and partnering with, international bodies to determine the domestic applications of work done abroad. Specialized staffing and funding for this area require constant attention. Optimizing Secondary Roof Support with the NIOSH Support Technology Optimization Program (STOP) Performance Characteristics for Welded Wire Screen Used for Surface Control in Underground Coal Mines Preventing Injuries Caused by Unrecognized Stone Mine Roof Beam Failures With a Pro-Active Roof Control Plan

Monitoring the work of, and partnering with, international bodies would help the Mining Program determine the domestic application of work done abroad. But let's also be fair. The Mine Disaster Prevention and Control Research needs to place more focus on areas such as communications, miner self-rescue, and emergency response. Criteria documents are published by NIOSH to provide the scientific basis for recommended standards (http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/98-126/ [accessed February 15, 2007]). The Quecreek mine inundation incident and the disasters at Sago and Alma Mine No.

-- To safe work practices and procedures.

Video: Bear Grylls admires miners' courage, Fine art from an iPhone? The Mine Disaster Prevention and Control Research needs to place more focus on areas such as communications, miner self-rescue, and emergency response. 1 revealed weaknesses in a number of disaster prevention and response areas. Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free?

MSHA lists a number of approved explosion-proof seals (Lowrie, 2002). Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The miners at the San Jose copper mine might have escaped back in August had all escape routes been maintained properly. Ready to take your reading offline? NIOSH, the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), and the National Mine Rescue Association have formed a partnership to review and revise, as needed, the procedures for mine rescue efforts in the event of an emergency. The Mining Program does not appear to take full advantage of disaster prevention research done internationally, though it has been a regular contributor at the Biennial International Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes.

Technology News provides executive summaries of NIOSH mining safety and health research milestones, making them easy to review, and includes complete contact information for the topic discussed. Current work by the Mining Program in the addition of inert gas to smother mine fires has been practiced by industry since 1949 (Adamus, 2002). A systems approach to mine management and rescue is needed that will continuously provide marker data and response via intelligent system analysis. The most useful output formats are Technology News, workshops, and open industry briefings. It collapses because there is another cave above it. I think Gravel is coded to collapse if it's mined, so if you hit the bottom bit the entire column above it comes crashing down. Currently, only some of the highest-priority areas in mining disaster prevention are addressed through Mining Program research. © Valve Corporation.

Mine Accident -causes, Prevention and COntrol Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The energies in underground mines are in states of motion or stored in moving shafts and gears; electricity; the mine roof, rib or sides of the tunnel; hydraulic cylinders; and more. Prior to 2006, the significant reduction in the number of major mine disasters resulted in the Mining Program shifting its research emphasis to more health-oriented topics. TABLE 12-1 Intermediate Goals and Performance Measures of Mine Disaster Prevention and Control Research and Committee Comments, Reduce the number of reportable (½ hour or longer) fires in U.S. mines by 25% in 5 years through the development of new or improved strategies and technologies in the areas of mine fire prevention, detection, control, and suppression, Reduction in the number of fires in the coal and metal or nonmetal mining sectors between 2010 and 2014 by 25% compared to the average yearly totals from 1990 to 2001, as measured by Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) mine fire statistics, Has a direct opportunity to impact disasters because fires in underground mining are life threatening if not controlled immediately. The 1981 NRC report pointed out a number of issues and potential approaches: underground-to-surface communications, communication between rescue teams and trapped miners, and permanently installed seismic systems that could be used on a day-to-day basis. Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text. Communication has been recognized as a major source of problems in need of great attention to provide effective disaster response and escape. The committee assumes that the goals as stated are considered by the program as intermediate milestones toward its ultimate goal of the complete elimination of mining-related illness and injury.

Reduction in inundations requires the application of technology to identify voids and the potential for inundation in advance, for example, via accurate surveying control and geophysical methods, which already exist and are in use at some mines. No mine design work in progress, Remote Methods for Addressing Coal Mine Fires, Major impact on fighting fires once started, Limited by functionality of existing SCSR designs, Smoke Management and Fire Modeling for Underground Mines, Fire simulator for making ventilation decisions, Impact likely if all mines have up-to-date model at time of an event that could lead to a disaster and for rescue decision making. Yes, try using wood frames as a temporary scaffold system. The miners who perished at Upper Big Branch were killed instantly. A critically important output was recently released to industry. This has provided input into further research and resulted in intermediate outcomes. I think Gravel is coded to collapse if it's mined, so if you hit the bottom bit the entire column above it comes crashing down.

The overarching goal does not, however, mention enabling the miner’s ability to self-rescue, although it is a subcategory within intermediate goal 4 (Table 12-1). I'm not sure what the rule is, but near the surface I just follow the normal structural integrity rules. And I never build anything on top of caves or tunnels -- the game's structural integrity is too broken for that. Examples of international work with potential domestic application include research on refuge chambers (DJF Consulting Limited, 2004), emergency response (Brenkley et al., 1999), and self-escape vehicles (Davis, 2006). The subject of emergency communications has been of particular concern for two committees of the National Research Council (NRC) that dealt with mine rescue and survival issues (NAE, 1970; NRC, 1981). Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features? The history of fire reduction is positive and long term; some effort should be focused on prevention to address the increasing number of frictional initiations, Develop and facilitate the implementation of interventions to address currently identified shortcomings in the coal mining explosion prevention “safety net”, Reduction in the number of injuries and deaths attributed to mine explosions between 2010 and 2014 by 25% compared to the average yearly totals from 1990 to 2001, as measured by MSHA accident statistics, This safety net contains multiple components of frictional ignition sources, workforce experience, difficult conditions, and technical or operational changes in techniques and technology. Based on the discussion of the ideal mining program in Chapter 3, the Mining Program needs to continue its efforts in disaster prevention and further strengthen its efforts in the area of disaster response. Intermediate goal 4, research related to emergency response, lacks focus.

Miners work in a confined space that has the potential to collapse on them at any time, despite efforts to maintain the integrity of the roof, ribs and floor of the void in which they work. Unfortunately, our controls are not always up to the task. U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) and Mining Program work in this area has been incorporated in other industries (e.g., in grain elevators). Implementation of automatic fire suppression systems on conveyor belt drives and underground diesel storage areas. This is not currently required by regulation. How do I know if my cave or base is safe or if it is getting too big? The Mining Program has also identified four intermediate goals and performance measures in this research area, summarized in Table 12-1. I have worked in many mines, the deepest about 5,400 feet vertically below the surface (in Idaho). Editor's note: Mark Radomsky is the director of the Miner Training Program and senior lecturer at Pennsylvania State University. -- To prevention, vigilance and excellence in workplace examinations. The Mining Program cannot directly attribute any lives saved to the research it performs. Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.