US corporate giants like America Online, Texas Instruments, Citibank, Hewlett Packard, JPMorgan Chase & Co., and the McClatchy Company (third-largest US newspaper company) have been shifting call centers and other back-office functions to the Philippines. An additional 11 percent of the population is made up of indigenous groups. "Insular" Southeast Asia refers to which of the following locations? It has an excellent location on the South China Sea but would have to compete with the established economic tigers of Singapore and Hong Kong as well as the other rising urban centers in the region, such as Kuala Lumpur or Bangkok. More than eight hundred people were killed, and more than two million were directly impacted. Describe the physical geography of Indonesia and the population dynamics of the island of Java. Adopted or used LibreTexts for your course? Food, housing, and rice farming are subsidized by the state. The most prevalent language group in the country as a whole is Javanese, which is spoken by about 42 percent of the population. The information age has spawned new technologies that are evolving rapidly and, once again, Singapore has been at the center of this industry. In the capital city, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia built a modern central business district with a twin high-rise office building claimed to be the worldâs tallest at the time of construction. Malaysia has rapidly advanced its economy in recent decades and is modernizing its infrastructure—roads, bridges, highways, and urban facilities. The tropical climate and adequate rainfall provide for multiple crops of rice per year in many areas. Since 1999, Indonesia has conducted free parliamentary elections and is now considered the third-largest democracy, after India and the United States. The tropical climate and the archipelago nature of the country provide for enormous biodiversity within the environment. Ash from Mt. It serves Southeast Asia as an entrepôt, or break-of-bulk point, where goods are offloaded from large ships and transported to smaller vessels for distribution to the Southeast Asian community. The Dutch colonized Indonesia in the early seventeenth century but had to relinquish possession of the archipelago to the Japanese in World War II. As a minority group, Chinese citizens of Malaysia have felt discrimination. Tagalog is the main language spoken. Medical technology is expensive and is in high demand the world over. Many people speak more than one language or even a number of languages to communicate throughout the country. Raw materials are shipped in, manufactured into finished products, and then shipped out to global markets. It is common to find the practice of these religions less than orthodox in the more rural communities of the country. Singapore has made good strategic utilization of its geographic location by serving as a distribution center for goods and materials processed in the region. Their Hindu beliefs were infused into the culture and some Tamils also converted to Christianity. She was also known for her extravagant spending trips around the world. Java is the size in area of the US state of Louisiana. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Before 1991, the mountain attracted little attention, was heavily forested, and was home to tribal indigenous people. Malaysia is a country made up of various British colonies that came together as a federation and then became an independent country. Food, housing, and rice farming are subsidized by the state. China has been active in the business community and has established strong economic ties with regional countries that have Chinese populations. In the natural sciences, the region is sometimes known as the Maritime Continent. The Philippines will soon push past the one hundred million mark, at which point it will become a country in which 35 percent of its citizens are under the age of fifteen. According to recent reports, Indonesia is one of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide in the world because of the high number of forest fires set each year. The Philippines is the only country in Asia where Roman Catholicism predominates, other than recently independent East Timor. The region was dominated by the thalassocratic cultures of the Austronesian peoples. Pinatubo’s summit, while Clark Air Base was less than sixteen miles to the east. The Philippines is home to more than one hundred eighty native languages and dialects. Which are natural phenomena? It is common to find the practice of these religions less than orthodox in the more rural communities of the country. India has been a major destination for BPO, but the Philippines is gaining ground and increasing its infrastructure in an attempt to gain a larger share of the market. Mainland: Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, peninsula of Malaysia Island: Singapore, Indonesia, East Timor and the Philippines. Insular Southeast Asia: Indonesia and Malaysia . After the war was over, the United States granted the Philippines their independence in 1946. Many of the agricultural methods in rural areas are traditional; for example, farmers use water buffalo or oxen for tilling the land. One consequence of the seismic activity is that a large number of lakes are found in the region. All but 10 percent identify themselves as Roman Catholic. Source: Updated from map courtesy of Golbez, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indonesia_provinces_english.png. It provides a high standard of living for its small population. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Other countries around the world are a part of this outsourcing market. For more information on the source of this book, or why it is available for free, please see the project's home page. As a result of the damage to the operations at the bases, the United States Air Force evacuated and moved all air base personnel and military assets to bases in Guam, Okinawa, or Hawaii. The Philippines is a diverse country with hundreds of ethnic groups. Southeast Asia is a region of great linguistic and geographic diversity where hundreds of languages, belonging to five different families, are spoken. to the south and east consist of nations surrounded by water. Outline how the structured island nation of Singapore became an economic tiger. The countryâs population for 2009 was listed at about 388,000. Luzonâs Mt. The new dynamics of corporate colonialism, with their economic power located in the core economic regions, still seek to exploit the countries of Southeast Asia for their labor and resources. The remaining percentages of the population include traditional Chinese religions and local tribal beliefs. Typhoon activity also brings precipitation to the islands and the region. Other high mountains in the archipelago include Puncak Mandala, Indonesia at 4,760 m (15,617 ft) and Puncak Trikora, Indonesia, at 4,750 m (15,584 ft). The 'Forest Cover Map of Insular Southeast Asia' covers the countries of Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, East Timor and the Philippines. The altitudes of the ranges diminish from above 8,000 feet (2,440 metres) on the Chinese border in the north to below 4,000 feet on the Isthmus of Kra, and the ranges are spread farther apart toward the south. Corruption, vote rigging, and the dictatorial actions of President Marcos caught up with him through mass protests, which eventually led to his removal from office. Active tectonic plate action in the region causes earthquakes and volcanic activity, resulting in destruction of infrastructure and loss of life; both acutely impact human activities. Peninsular and Insular Southeast Asia include Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, East Timor and Philippines. It led to a renewed flourishing of trade between China and Southeast Asia, now known as the Maritime Silk Road. Education and medical care is free. Learn why this country is a popular destination for business process outsourcing (BPO). Education and medical care is free. Imelda Marcos returned to the Philippines to run for public office and even attempted a failed run for the presidency. The national leadership has faced Islamic insurgencies, attempted coups, corruption in the government, and a high national debt. The insular region of Southeast Asia includes the countries of Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Working through the cultural and ethnic diversity has been a major challenge for the country. Islam is considered the official religion and is supported by at least 60 percent of the population. Figure 11.12 Provinces in East and West Malaysia. Krakatoa remains active. Several different political leaders have come to power since the Ferdinand Marcos era. What are the three main regions of the Philippines? Mt. Malaysia’s culture is diverse in that several major religions are practiced within its borders. Buddhism, Hinduism, and traditional Animism are also practiced among large populations. The country has had a difficult time establishing a stable government and reducing conflict. Agricultural production has been increased and unemployment has been a major focus. In comparing these island nations, extensive diversity in all aspects will be found. Since the 9-11 incident in the United States, there has been more concern about extremist religious views. Corporate colonialism has the Philippines in its business focus and is finding a good source of available labor. Earthquakes and volcanic activity are quite common along the entire southern and eastern margin. The physical geography varies from island to island; some have high mountain relief and others are low-lying and relatively flat. Which region has the largest population? The government of the Philippines is a constitutional republic with an elected president. There may be as many as three hundred different and distinct ethnic groups in Indonesia. What environmental problems exist in Indonesia and the Philippines? US corporate giants like America Online, Texas Instruments, Citibank, Hewlett Packard, JPMorgan Chase & Co., and the McClatchy Company (third-largest US newspaper company) have been shifting call centers and other back-office functions to the Philippines. The country was colonized by Spain and was then a possession of the United States before it gained independence. There are even special judicial legal courts for Muslims only to work out issues regarding marriage, custody, inheritance, or other conflicting Islamic issues regarding faith and obligation. The political background of Indonesia is similar in dynamics to many of its neighbors. Over the past few decades, the volcanic peak has been growing at the average rate of about five inches per week. As an economic tiger, Singapore has transitioned through the same stages as Taiwan, South Korea, and Hong Kong to become an economic power in Southeast Asia. The single largest minority group in the province of Sarawak on Borneo is Chinese. Eventually, the British took control of the eastern colonies of Brunei, Sarawak, and Sabah on the island of Borneo. Mt. There are at least four other religions that are officially recognized: Christianity (both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism), Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. An example of the social tensions is demonstrated in the case of Chinese citizens of Indonesia, who only make up about 1 percent of the population but impart a substantial influence over the privately owned business sector of the economy. The insular region of Southeast Asia includes the countries of Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Flooding is usually the main problem with typhoons and is the number one killer related to typhoon deaths. She was also known for her extravagant spending trips around the world. In spite of the diversity within the population, the country of Indonesia has established a substantial degree of nationalism as a centripetal force that holds the country together. Of the Southeast Asian countries, East Timor most recently gained its independence, as was mentioned in the previous lesson. Summarize the cultural characteristics of the Philippines. Earthquakes and volcanoes are not the only serious natural concerns of the Philippine Islands; they are also directly in the center of the Western Pacificâs major typhoon belt.