Louis Pasteur (1864) developed a more modern form of pasteurisation which helped make milk and wine safer to drink. By 2000 B.C.E. The complex history behind the electron or vacuum tube. Soap making was known as early as 2800 BCE, but in the synthetic detergent industry it is not as easy to pinpoint exactly when the first detergents were invented. Today, the most common models include air-pressurized water, carbon dioxide, and dry chemicals.

George Babcock and Steven Wilcox co-invented the water tube steam boiler, a safer and more efficient boiler. The man credited for the publication is Arthur Wayne, a journalist from Liverpool, England. In 1888, Marvin Stone patented the spiral winding process to manufacture the first paper drinking straws. One of the first nail-making machines appeared in the 1790s. Originally invented to store sound recordings and later adapted as read/write data storage.

On April 1865, a man named John Wilkes Booth assassinated President Abraham Lincoln with the original Deringer. Forerunner of paper made “Cyperus papyrus” pith. The sugar processing evaporator was invented by Norbert Rillieux. The first prehistoric batteries may be about 2000 years old. Also see: Famous Farm Tractors. Carl Elsener, a Swiss man, didn’t think it was right for Swiss soldiers to use knives made in Germany, so he set out to manufacture the equipment in his home country. The word "phonograph" was Edison's tradename for his musical playback device, which played wax cylinders rather than flat disks. Also take a look at the First Patent for the Telephone. BASIC (Beginner's All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) was invented in 1964 by John Kemeny and Tom Kurtz. His was special because it mechanized the process that transferred the ink to the paper, greatly speeding up the printing process and the dissemination of knowledge, especially the bible. His work was taken up by others, such as Joseph Lister who became a pioneer of antiseptic surgery.

in present-day Iraq by the ancient Mesopotamians. Made of two thin strips of fabric, one has countless tiny loops, and another is fitted with tiny hooks. Velcro is a truly easy to use universal fastener for all people, from DIY enthusiasts to engineers. It’s effective, inexpensive, practical, and easy to use. The name of smart pill now refers to any pill that can deliver or control its delivery of medicine without the patient having to take action beyond the initial swallow. He filed his first patent in 1938 for a ballpoint pen in Argentina. An index to famous persons in the computer business, over twenty-six fully illustrated features cover the history of computers from 1936 until today. 1364: First recorded use of a “hand cannon.”. Who invented false teeth, dentistry, toothbrush, toothpaste, toothpicks and dental floss. The Ubaid culture of ancient Mesopotamians (occupying present-day Iraq) was the first to use sailboats as a means of transportation around 6000 B.C.E. The system based on his design was first installed in Cleveland on August 5, 1914. The Deringer was the precursor of the stealth firearm and it became an alternative generic term for a pocket pistol. Galileo Galilei also developed a similar device. One of the first important implementations of DNA fingerprinting was in a forensic investigation, particularly a case in Narborough, Leicestershire.

Recent research also introduced the possibility that the constant has actually increased over the last six billion years, even though slightly.

If you'd like to know the math behind fine structure constant more specifically, the way you arrive at alpha is by putting the 3 constants h,c, and e together in the equation --

As the units c, e, and h cancel each other out, the "pure" number of 137.03599913 is left behind. 19. Major of Kiel and J.S.