This page was last changed on 13 June 2020, at 17:08. Having been deposed in a coup in 1955, Perón was forbidden from returning to Argentina, so his new wife was appointed to travel in his stead. https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isabel_Martínez_de_Perón&oldid=56701997, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. [17] The president's appointment of a pragmatic economist, Peronist wheelhorse Antonio Cafiero and her 13 September announcement of a leave of absence relieved ample sectors of society, from labor unions to business. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [13][page needed], Although she lacked Evita Perón's charisma, the grieving widow at first attracted support from the nation. Her government purged most leftists from university posts and the administration, and (as her husband and other Argentine presidents had done) used Federal intervention powers to unseat leftist governors. Na aandringen ontsloeg Isabel hem, maar de legerleiding concludeerde dat zij (als vrouw) niet sterk genoeg in haar schoenen stond om het land te regeren. [26], Isabel Perón granted ever more significant policy concessions to the largely conservative military in the early months of 1976, from security matters to economic. Na korte tijd first lady en vicepresident te zijn geweest, werd ze na het overlijden van Perón op 1 juli 1974 een van de eerste vrouwelijke presidenten ter wereld en de eerste van een Zuid-Amerikaans land. Nadat Raúl Alfonsín in 1983 president werd, werd ze weer in Argentinië toegelaten. Still nominally head of Juan Perón's Justicialist Party, she played a constructive role in the talks, supporting cooperation between the restive CGT labor union (her party's political base) and Alfonsín. Cámpora won, but it was generally understood that Juan Perón held the real power; a popular phrase at the time was "Cámpora al gobierno, Perón al poder" (Cámpora in government, Perón in power). She was popularly known as La Presidente. [20][page needed], The appointment of Brigadier General Héctor Fautario, a loyalist of Perón, to the branch's high command, fueled broader support in the Air Force for action against her administration, and on 18 December, General Jesús Capellini attempted a coup d'état by seizing the Morón Airport and Air Base. María Estela Martínez Cartas de Perón (born 4 February 1931), better known as Isabel Martínez de Perón or Isabel Perón, is a former President of Argentina. Using contacts from among the Montoneros' many double agents, the agency kept the Born brothers in a known SIDE safehouse for nine months until their June 1975 release without public suspicion of SIDE involvement, a successful false flag operation that led to others (albeit less ambitious ones) in the following months. The latter was, moreover, supported by the CGT labor federation leadership and Isabel herself, and this faction became known by the left as the entorno ('entourage') due to the inner circle status Perón afforded them. [15][page needed] López Rega, meanwhile, arranged the dismissal of many of the most competent policy makers Perón had inherited from her husband's brief presidency; by May 1975, both Economy Minister José Ber Gelbard and Central Bank President Alfredo Gómez Morales had been replaced with right-wing López Rega loyalists. Following her husband's death in office in 1974, Isabel served as president of Argentina from 1 July 1974 to 24 March 1976, at which time the military took over the government and placed her under house arrest for five years, before exiling her to Spain in 1981. As vice-president his widow formally ascended to the presidency, thus becoming the first woman in the world to hold the title of "President", although she was not the first woman to lead a country. Zijn verdwijning zou het gevolg zijn van door haar ondertekende decreten die het leger toestemming gaven op te treden tegen "subversieve elementen".