There is a contradiction on Zoe Zaoutzaina's particular status 893–897. Another Palaiologian, Manuel Palaiologos, sold his right of succession to Ottoman Sultan Bayazid II (the Ottoman sultans already claim to be the Kaizer-i Rum or Roman emperors); but since there is no such thing as a sultaness because the Ottomans practiced polygamy, there are no Ottoman consorts. Her assassination brought her rather unsettled life… According to Symeon, the marriage of Leo VI to Theophano was officially void, allowing Leo and Zoe to marry within the year. The Romans had no single term for the position: Latin and Greek titles such as Augusta, Caesarissa, basilissa, and Autokratorissa, the female form of autocrat, were all used. Empress Suiko is known as the first reigning empress of Japan in recorded history (rather than an empress consort). An empress is commonly defined as the female equivalent of an emperor, an emperor's wife (empress consort). Both Symeon and Theophanes agree that Zoe was only crowned Augusta following the death of her predecessor. An empress or queen may exercise the most and highest authority in the state independently or along with their husbands.. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous empresses and queens from all over the world. In the third century, Augustae could also receive the titles of Mater castrorum "mother of the castra" and Mater patriae "mother of the fatherland". Updates? a husband of an empress-regnant); however, some husband and wife couples, notably Justinian I and Theodora, were simultaneously coregnant. According to Theophanes, the original marriage was still valid and Zoe remained the royal mistress. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The status of the current pretenders to the Byzantine successor states of Trebizond, Epirus, and Nicaea are unclear much less their spouses; the despots of Morea became the Byzantine emperors (in exile) in 1453. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

She was Empress Jitō's younger half-sister and the mother of Emperor Monmu, who died in an young age. Sometimes she is not considered the last Byzantine Empress consort before the Fourth Crusader because of the unknown date of her marriage. A Roman Empress was a woman who was the wife of a Roman emperor, the ruler of the Roman Empire. List of famous empresses & queens with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. March AD 59, possibly because of her son, unknown, she predeceased her husband many years, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 18:13. " Which country has had only one female empress in its history?.

In the third century, Augustae could also receive the titles of Mater castrorum "mother of the castra" and …

Although others continued to claim similar titles after the Fall of Constantinople in 1453 – e.g. 68–96: Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty, 193–235: Year of the Five Emperors and Severan dynasty, 284–364: Tetrarchy and Constantinian dynasty, Empress consorts of the Western Roman Empire, Empresses consort of the Eastern Roman Empire, Empress consorts of the Eastern Roman Empire (in exile in Nicaea), Empress consorts of the Eastern Roman Empire (restored), 1261–1453, restored to Constantinople: Palaiologan dynasty, Pretending Empress consorts of the Roman Empire, Empress consorts of the Eastern Roman Empire (in exile in, her status as a concumbine or wife is unknown. A Roman Empress was a woman who was the wife of a Roman emperor, the ruler of the Roman Empire. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-empresses-2042464. She was also queen of Hungary (crowned June 8, 1867) after the Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich, or Compromise. Currently the consorts of five of these states are pretenders in their own countries, themselves, and the current Queen of Spain claims no Roman titles. The former Queens of Italy could be another claimant since their husband's were one of the only European monarchs to effectively hold the city of Rome, the seat of the Roman Empire since its beginning.

This is a list Roman Empresses.

Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Hitaka, Empress Genshō (元正天皇 Genshō Tennō) was the 44th monarch of Japan (715–724). The Romans had no single term for the position: Latin and Greek titles such as Augusta (Greek Augousta, the female form of the honorific Augustus, a title derived from the name of the first emperor, Augustus), Caesarissa (Greek Kaisarissa, the female form of the honorific Caesar, a title derived from the name of Julius Caesar), basilissa (Ancient Greek: βασίλισσα, the female form of basileus), and Autokratorissa, the female form of autocrat, were all used. Both are considered to be monarchs, the only difference being is that the emperor and empress are considered to be the higher monarchical titles than king and queen. Third marriages are the last permitted according to the rules of Orthodox Church, but are highly disapproved by the Church. Theophano died in her monastery on 10 November 897.

Fourth marriages are uncanonical in the eyes of the Orthodox Church. This is a list of empresses organized alphabetically by empire or country and chronologically by years of reign. The Eastern Roman Empire had four official empresses regnant: Pulcheria, Irene of Athens, Zoë Porphyrogenita and Theodora. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. All the Roman empresses are listed with some co-empresses. The tile of being an empress could also be referred to the emperor’s mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right (empress regnant). Rudhramadevi (1259–1289) was one of the most prominent rulers of the Kakatiya dynasty on the Deccan Plateau, being one of the few ruling queens (empress) in Indian history. Some Caesarissas and Despoinas that never were empresses are included, since the titles were quite similar to Empress; however, in the Eastern Roman Empire these titles are often more equivalent to the modern term "crown princess". Omissions? The Western Roman Empire produced no known empresses regnant, though the obscure Ulpia Severina probably ruled in her own right for some time after the death of her husband, Aurelian. The Western Roman Empire met its end in 476 and the Eastern Roman Empire in 1453. The last Palaiologan pretender, Andreas Palaiologos, sold his right to the imperial succession to Charles VIII of France, but he also willed the imperial titles to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castille, and so in a sense either the French queens or the Spanish queens have been the titular Empresses of the Eastern Roman Empire since the 15th century.

Elisabeth, empress consort of Austria from April 24, 1854, when she married Emperor Franz Joseph. Hence the early-Ming official history of the Yuan in China and the early-Joseon official history of the Goryo in Korea were invariably going to portray Empress Gi (in China) and her family members (in Korea) in a very negative light.” Although Empress Gi was called Öljei Khutuk by the Mongols, her first name was not recorded at birth. An empress is commonly defined as the female equivalent of an emperor, an emperor's wife (empress consort). A monarch is the sovereign head of state, officially outranking all other individuals in the realm.

Other possible pretenders may be the former Queens of Greece because the Greek monarchy was mainly created in 1832 to be the successor of the Byzantine Empire. Quite similar to the description of an empress, queens are the female equivalent of kings. There never was a male emperor consort (i.e. She is credited with the expansion of Buddhism in Japan, increasing Chinese influence in Japan.

The tile of being an empress could also be referred to the emperor’s mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right (empress regnant).

This is a list Roman Empresses.

Due to the practice of dividing the Roman empire under different emperors, there were periods when there were more than one Roman empress. Along with the current Pretending Latin emperor, the pretenders of the crusader and client states within the Latin Empire are also unclear.

List of consorts of the Byzantine successor states, List of Latin Empresses of Constantinople, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Roman_and_Byzantine_Empresses&oldid=983177013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, AD 48, for conspiring against her husband.

After India was invaded by the Mongol Khans and Turkic Muslims, the rulers of their major states on the subcontinent were titled Sultān or Badshah or Shahanshah . Neither the Empresses of Russia, the Queens of France, the Queens of Spain, the Queens of Italy or the Queens of the Hellenes claimed any sort of Roman titles and the claimants that clearly made the most point by using the word Roman in their title, the Holy Roman Empresses and the Queens of the Romans, ceased their claim upon the dissolution the empire in 1806. Ahe, Empress Genmei (also Empress Genmyō; 元明天皇 Genmei Tennō) was the 43rd imperial ruler of Japan ruling 707–715 (died December 7, 721). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections?

According to Theophanes, Leo and Zoe proceeded to marry at this point. Holy Roman Empresses (as heirs of the Western Empire) or Russian Tsaritsas and Empresses (as the Empresses of the Third Rome) – the last reigning Empress consort of the Eastern Roman Empire of Constantinople was Maria of Trebizond. An empress consort usually shares her husband’s rank and holds the feminine equivalent of the king’s monarchical titles while an empress regnant is a queen in her own right with all the powers of a monarch, usually becoming empress by inheriting the throne on the death of the previous monarch. Another title of the Byzantine empresses was Eusebestatē Augousta "Most Pious Augusta"; they were also called kyría κυρία "Lady" or déspoina δέσποινα, the female form of δεσπότης "despot".