Attached to the northwest angle of the temple was the Antonia, a tower or fortress. --The kings gardens of David and Solomon seem to have been in the bottom formed by the confluence of the Kedron and Himmon. Pop: 765 582 (2004 est). "It was on the ridge, the broadest and most strongly-marked ridge of the backbone of the complicated hills which extend through the whole country from the plain of Esdraelon to the desert.". In this dispute the emperor Nicholas of Russia sided with the Greeks, and Louis Napoleon, the emperor of the French, with the Latins. We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. They place Herod on the throne in37 b.c., and he began the greatest building program Jerusalem had known. ], Hierosolymae [f. Finally, after Antiochus IV desecrated the temple by sacrificing a hog on the altar, devout Jews led by the Hasmonean family (Maccabees) rose in rebellion to reclaim Jerusalem in 164 b.c. The dominion of the Christians in the holy city was now rapidly drawing to a close. The Books of Ezra and Nehemiah contain the history of the re-building of the city and temple, and the restoration of the kingdom of the Jews, consisting of a portion of all the tribes. Another monumental record in which the Holy City is named is that of Sennacherib's attack in B.C. Another emendation would yield "the mountain of God, " congruent with similar references noted above. Security refers to all the measures that are taken to protect a place, or to ensure that only people with permission enter it or leave it. Currency: euro. The idea that Jerusalem was inviolable persisted, however, no doubt strengthened in part by the deliverance of the city from the siege of Sennacherib ( 2 Kings 19:20-36 ).Nearly a century later, following the apostasy of Manasseh and the reforms of Josiah, Jehoiakim ascended the throne of David in Jerusalem. It is located in the Judean Mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the northern edge of the Dead Sea. The gates of Jerusalem have a very clear spiritual meaning. As Yahweh's spokesman, Nathan promised David a dynasty that would rule in perpetuity ( 2 Sam 7:15 ). In the Synoptic Gospels Jerusalem is first mentioned in connection with the birth stories of Jesus: Zechariah's vision in the temple ( Luke 1:5-23 ), the visit of the Magi ( Matt2:1-12 ), and the presentation of the infant Jesus ( Luke 2:22-38 ).Luke records the visit of Jesus to the temple at age twelve ( 2:41-50 ), and in fact New Testament references to Jerusalem are predominantly in Luke-Acts. The traditional sites, as a rule, were first shown in the 4th and later centuries A.D., and have no authority. (Conder ("Bible Handbook," 1879) states that by the latest surveys the Haram area is a quadrangle with unequal sides. --There appear to have been but two main approaches to the city:-- From the Jordan valley by Jericho and the Mount of Olives. Matthew recalls the sanctity of Jerusalem as the "holy city" ( 4:5 ), and Jesus refers to it as "the city of the Great King" ( 5:35 ).

From that time to the present day, with few intervals, Jerusalem has remained in the hands of the Moslems. Perhaps the name Jerusalem was never changed, but only Hebraized, because it seems to mean Rain Of Peace. ( 2 Chronicles 25:23 ; 26:9 ; Jeremiah 31:38 ; Zechariah 14:10 ) Gate of Joshua, governor of the city. In those four hundred years, Jerusalem witnessed the demise of the Persian Empire and the domination of the Greeks. Streets, properly so called, there were, ( Jeremiah 5:1 ; 11:13 ) etc. For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. View usage for: The city was taken by the Philistines and Arabians in the reign of Jehoram, B.C. The first or old wall was built by David and Solomon, and enclosed Zion and part of Mount Moriah. the capital of Palestine, holy city of the Jews, belonged originally to the Jebusites, but was captured by David and made his capital; a strong place, built on four hills 2000 ft. above the Mediterranean, enclosed within walls and protected nearly all round by deep valleys and rising grounds beyond; it has been so often besieged, overthrown, and rebuilt that the present city stands on rubbish heaps, the ruins of ancient structures. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was rebuilt during this period, and it alone remains to this day.