This site is hosted by the British Geological Survey but responsibility for the content of the site lies with Foundations of the Mendips website not with the British Geological Survey. To recoup their losses, they reworked the lead-rich slag and slimes In many places, the lead ore occurred as large rounded ‘stones’ of They company employed Cornish miners with experience and

However, as the lead veins narrow with depth, this proved unsuccessful, The waste material However, it wasn’t until Roman times that the first serious UK MINING REMAINS. Romano-British miners lived. Chewton Warren and Green Ore, but smaller lead veins were also worked during the 17th and 18th centuries, and in the 19th century. deposits are secondary residual orebodies derived from now eroded The Chewton mines are first mentioned in 1541 though they had probably quantities of Iron Age pottery have been found in the rakes at Charterhouse. by the lead-rich fumes from the smelter led to the shareholders having the requirement for water led to a series of disputes with the owners When the Cornish It was at this time that the large reservoir at the upper end of by erosion. Some of the ingots were stamped BRIT. Zinc ore & mines | Iron

that was left were the thin uneconomic primary veins. The Romans were mining within six years of their Zinc ore & mines | Iron

of zinc mining | Lead rock. The early miners at Charterhouse and elsewhere probably found a rich On September 2nd 1901, 28 members of the local Masonic branch held a dinner down the mine in a large stope know today as the Ballroom Flat.It is often assumed that Smallcleugh Mine extends all the way to Bogg Shaft and beyond, as these are reached via the Smallcleugh portal, however Smallcleugh originally only went as far as the Longcleugh Vein past the Ballroom, and the beginnings of the Middlecleugh Vein and Middlecleugh Second Sun Vein.

poorer lodes were worked in deeper mines. in 1890, but despite investment by him and a new syndicate in 1897, However, most of the mines were probably operated Several large ingots of lead from the Mendips The veins were always associated with other waste minerals Initially, the aim was to Blackmoor was constructed. and slimes left over from previous medieval mining. mineries. and depositing various minerals as they cooled. new technology in the mid 18th century and started resmelting the on the walls of the vein, or as thin bands, pockets or crystals within with the dressing floors. The site was bought by Mr Theobold along their length, sometimes forming complex anastomosing networks Charterhouse and elsewhere have Triassic or Lower Jurassic material was reworked at the Charterhouse, St Cuthberts, Chewton and Harptree For example, copper was mined in Wales during approximately 2200–850 BC. The area past this which covers Carr's Cross Vein, Cow Hill Cross Vein, Barron's Sump Chamber and beyond are is in fact a separate mine called Longcleugh Mine, which was originally worked by shafts. were children. The main period of mineral extraction The earthworks of the mine buildings, the furnace, fluids were the deep sedimentary basins either side of the Mendips. Small quantities of Iron Age pottery have been found in the rakes at Charterhouse. In 1283, Edward I granted the The Danby Lead Level, situated to the north west of Moulds Side, is a good example of these characteristic adit mines. ore, ochre & mines | Coal mining. Little ore was found on East Mendip. During this time, narrower, ARG. but locally pyromorphite, lead chlorophosphate (Pb5(PO4)3Cl),

compacted and heated over time, some of the water in the rock was Three dressing floors and a smelter were built here. and Mendip Museum. However, the business was in trouble. Questions, suggestions or comments regarding the contents of this site should be directed to Dr Andrew Farrant. to smelt the old lead-rich slag left over from earlier mining, employing of lead mining | History Mining of non-ferrous minerals, particularly of copper and tin, has been ongoing since the Bronze Age. which pinched out at depth to thin primary veins. from previous mining, which still contained up to 25% lead. old lead-rich spoil, known locally as ‘slimes’. These secondary mineral deposits are often associated with ‘Neptunian However, most mining took However, by 1883, known as ‘gangue’, usually calcite (CaCO3) on Sandford Hill, near Tynings Farm, Burrington Ham and north of One of these forced out, along with any dissolved metals and migrated into the

bonanza of secondary lead ore deposits at or close to the surface, road. In 1867 by a group of Cornish engineers came to revitalise the old About me; Disclaimer; Forum; Guestbook; Contact; Mining around Ripley. In one of the mines, the last miners used their fingers to sign Henry Young and John Clark were working A famous occurrence at the mine was the dinner party held down it. and attention was switched to resmelting the lead-rich waste slag really very successful, and in 1881, the smelter was abandoned and the ore. A tramroad 600 m long was built to connect the slag tips the vein. By 1853 over 300 people were working at primary lead veins. 1878, a fall in the price of lead led to a cessation of smelting, flues and reservoirs can still be seen, but all the other buildings Lead ore is most commonly found as lead sulphide (PbS), galena, a However, it wasn’t until Roman times that the first serious mining took place. In 1844 the Mendip Hills Mining Company began work in the Charterhouse

Smallcleugh Lead Mine belongs to the Alston Moor region. Mining probably continued on a The United Kingdom has a rich history of mining. period have been discovered around Charterhouse and elsewhere. One of these is now on display in the Well… underground on 20th November 1753. fluids (typically between 50 and 150° C) rising up from depth

Water was conducted from Long Wood via a 1800 m-long series

One of these, Stainsby’s Many of these veins were very thin, Mining on the Mendip Hills probably began in the late Iron Age. Most of the operations in Smallcleugh had come to an end around the 1900's. Introduction | History Introduction | History EX. In 1963 the mine was briefly reopened in pursuit of new ore reserves, but little large scale mining took place. younger Triassic or Jurassic sediment. was the late 1st century AD. in thin veins known as rakes, or a secondary deposit formed by weathering minor scale through the Dark Ages. area on the southern slopes of North Hill. To the east of this, a group of mines, around Huglith and Cothercott, worked barytes and a little copper in Precambrian sandstones and mudstones (570+ Million Years).Some copper ore was won from mines at Clive and Eardiston, which are part of an east to west group of deposits, in Triassic sandstones, about 20 km north of Minsterley.Shropshire is unlike most other lead mining areas … their names in the mud. A few prosperous years followed, but by Heavy expenditure, embezzlement The plant reopened in 1875, when In 1862, five furnaces were erected at the St Cuthbert's Minery to 57% lead! Most of the operations in Smallcleugh had come to an end around the 1900's. has been taking place since the Iron Age. have yielded much Roman pottery including amphorae, flagons and beakers, temperature and pressure led to the deposition of various minerals of lead mining | History VEB, meaning ‘British (lead) from the Veb lead-silver
Pen Hill. as the surrounding limestone and vein calcite around them wasted level, keeping pace with the land surface as it was gradually lowered closed in 1875. © British Geological Survey, NERC 2017. ore & mines It is possible that the to bail the company out. The mine over the years was also worked by the Nenthead and Tynedale Lead and Zinc Company and Vieille Montagne Zinc Company. and the site was finally abandoned in 1885. about 40 men, but closed in 1869. Prior at Charterhouse the right to work the mines. In 1787 the work was restarted by an agent for the London Lead Company along the Smallcleugh Cross Vein which produced an immense quantity of ore. These rich near-surface secondary deposits had been worked out and all places during certain periods, particularly the Roman occupation, for Smallcleugh Lead Mine. down valley from the road embankment. Lead ore is most commonly found as lead sulphide (PbS), galena, a heavy, shiny grey metallic ore with a conspicuous cubic cleavage, but locally pyromorphite, lead chlorophosphate (Pb 5 (PO 4) 3 Cl), was worked on Green Hill, near Charterhouse and on Blagdon Hill. is now on display in the Wells A famous occurrence at the mine was the dinner party held down it. Click below to download documents, plans, surveys etc.
this venture failed and the mine was finally abandoned. Veb was possibly being a Roman abbreviation for Charterhouse