[14] Though Leif's birthplace is not accounted for in the sagas,[15] it is likely he was born in Iceland,[6] where his parents met[14]—probably somewhere on the edge of Breiðafjörður, and possibly at the farm Haukadal where Thjóðhild's family is said to have been based. Biographies of the New World: Leif Eriksson, Henry Hudson, Charles Darwin, and More. The first apparent contact between the Norse and the indigenous people, who the Norse later referred to as skrælingjar, was made by his brother Thorvald, and resulted in conflict.
Somerville & McDonald, 2010, pp. He then earned the nickname “Leif the Lucky.”, Later Years and DeathLeif Eriksson never returned to the lands of North America but his brother Thorvald did.

edited by Michael Anderson. [47], For the centenary of the first official immigration of Norwegians to America, President Calvin Coolidge stated at the 1925 Minnesota State Fair, to a crowd of 100,000 people, that Leif had indeed been the first European to discover America. We don’t know exactly when and where he was born but it’s believed to have been around 970CE in the recently-colonised Iceland. (2000). [28] During one of these explorations, Tyrker discovered that the land was full of vines and grapes. The men eventually found homes and settled there. [28] After two more days at sea, he landed on an island to the north (possibly Belle Isle), and then returned to the mainland, going past a cape on the north side (perhaps Cape Bauld). [39] Leif is last mentioned alive in 1019, and by 1025 he had passed on his chieftaincy of Eiríksfjǫrðr[15] to another son, Thorkell. When Erik the Red had a son and named him Leif, he became Leif Eriksson (Leif, Erik’s son). [16] Thorgils was later sent to Leif in Greenland, but he did not become popular. They went ashore and found the area to be green with trees that had sweet wild grapes. edited by Michael Anderson. However, Eriksson voyaged to North American lands nearly five centuries before Christopher Columbus did.

[24], Stories of Leif's journey to North America had a profound effect on the identity and self-perception of later Nordic Americans and Nordic immigrants to the United States. Biography Early Life Leif Eriksson (also spelled Ericson) was born in Iceland around 970 CE.

Biographies of the New World: Leif Eriksson, Henry Hudson, Charles Darwin, and More.

October 9th is “Leif Eriksson Day.” It was created by US President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 to honor and recognize Eriksson’s Nordic heritage’s contributions to American history. [13] He was a Viking in the early days. They went ashore and found the area to be green with trees that had sweet wild grapes. October 9th is “Leif Eriksson Day.” It was created by US President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 to honor and recognize Eriksson’s Nordic heritage’s contributions to American history. In William W. Fitzhugh and Elisabeth I. There is a copy of this statue in Newport News, Virginia, USA. Leif divided his crew: half would stay with houses and do work; the other half would further explore the land. This statue is at the front of the Hallgrímskirkja. To be fair, Leif would sometimes stay to help with the work and other times go exploring. According to a literal interpretation of Einar Haugen's translation of the two sagas in the book Voyages to Vinland, Leif was not the first European to discover America: he had heard the story of merchant Bjarni Herjólfsson who claimed to have sighted land to the west of Greenland after having been blown off course. Voices in Stone. They killed the native adults and kidnapped their children.

Leif then approached Bjarni, purchased his ship, gathered a crew of thirty-five men, and mounted an expedition towards the land Bjarni had described. 419–420. The exact date of Eriksson’s death is unknown, but is estimated around 1020 CE.7. Leif Eriksson statue in Reykjavik, Iceland. Britannica Educational Publishing.

The Ingstads demonstrated that Norsemen had reached America about 500 years before Christopher Columbus. [33][34] Later archaeological evidence suggests that Vinland may have been the areas around the Gulf of St. Lawrence and that the L'Anse aux Meadows site was a ship repair station and waypoint for voyages there. New York: Britannica Educational Publishing, 2013. Sutherland, Patricia. Much of what they first explored is believed to be part of present day northern Canada, although it is not known for sure.

The Leif Erikson Awards, established 2015, are awarded annually by the Exploration Museum in Húsavík, Iceland. Leif Erickson Erickson circa 1938

Name: Leif Eriksson [leef, leyf] [er-ik-suh n], Introduction Nearly 500 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the ocean blue, a Norse Viking by the name of Leif Eriksson landed on the North American continent.

[17] The first statue of Leif (by Anne Whitney)[45] was erected in Boston in 1887 at the instigation of Eben Norton Horsford, who was among those who believed that Vinland could have been located on the Charles River or Cape Cod;[17] not long after, another casting of Whitney's statue was erected in Milwaukee. 21, November 17, 1999 to December 3, 1999", "Thorvald Asvaldsson | Mediander | Connects", "Voyages To Vinland The First American Saga Newly Translated And Interpreted", http://ucatholic.com/blog/leif-erikson-the-first-person-to-reach-north-america-was-a-catholic-viking/, "Leif Eiriksson, "Leif the Lucky" (Leifr Eiríksson, nicknamed, Leifr hin heppni)", "The problem of Wineland, Volume 1; Volume 25", White House Office of the Press Secretary, "Ten fascinating facts about the statue of Leifur Eiríksson", "Amazon's Vinland Saga Anime Is a Classic Anime in the Making", Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum, Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leif_Erikson&oldid=984748195, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Erikson is the main character in the 1928 film, Leif Ericson is the main character in the juvenile historical novel, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 21:24.
Eriksson and his crew built houses and spent winter in this area which he named Vinland or “Wineland.”5 While on shore, they found an abundance of salmon for food, and that the grass would be good for cattle. (1996). So Leif was mostly taught and raised by one of Erik’s followers, a man named Tyrker. [28][29] There, he and his crew built a small settlement, which was called Leifsbudir (Leif's Booths) by later visitors from Greenland. [37], Leif's successful expedition in Vinland encouraged other Norsemen to also make the journey.

After having wintered over in Vinland, Leif returned to Greenland in the spring with a cargo of grapes and timber. “The Saga of the Greenlanders (Grœnlendinga saga),” accessed June 13, 2017, https://notendur.hi.is/haukurth/utgafa/greenlanders.html.

[22] According to the Saga of Erik the Red, Leif apparently saw Vinland for the first time after being blown off course on his way to introduce Christianity to Greenland.

Meriden Scientific Association. Leif took the fifteen men on board his ship, and brought the rescued men back to Greenland with him.