LEG I ITALICA   (Novae, It was around 43 AD when the legion was brought back into action in the Roman invasion of Britain. LEG III ITALICA   (a) the country a legion was originally recruited e.g. Each phalanx unit would be sixteen men deep. Until the Marian reforms of 107 BC, the Republican legions were formed by compulsory levy of Roman citizens (who met a minimum property qualification) and raised whenever it was necessary. It was the composure and bravery of the soldiers of the 10th Equestris Legion that brought about the defeat of the Helvetii tribes. (This legion of Marcus Antonius During this time, the city of Legio was founded (known as Leon in the present day). A typical Roman legion would have 10 cohorts (about 5,000 men). Gaius Marius' reforms transformed legions into standing units, which could remain in being for several years, or even decades. The army was formed by border and field units. CHORTIS SPECULATORUM LEG XI (This legion of Marcus Antonius That is when he formed the Equestris Legion, the first legion Caesar levied personally, and one that proved to be the most trustworthy. By the early 1st century BC, legions were mixed volunteer/conscript units. Augustus numbered the legions he founded himself from I, but also inherited numbers from his predecessors. This is a list of Roman legions, including key facts about each legion, primarily focusing on Principate (early Empire, 27 BC – 284 AD) legions, for which there exists substantial literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence. The legion went on to stay in Egypt for more than a century and a half and became so adapted to Egyptian culture that many Cyrenaica legionaries started to worship the Egyptian god Ammon. ✪ Why Didn't Anyone Copy the Roman Army? This was a much more flexible system that was not hindered by rough terrain and was vital in Rome's victory over Samnium. Augusta, Flavia) were either founded by that Emperor or awarded the name as a mark of special favour. He was ultimately responsible for the success or failure of the legion. coins. LEG IV MACEDONICA (in cannot be linked Shield pattern of the palatina legion of the Ioviani seniores, according to the Notitia Dignitatum. LEG I GERMANICA (Spain, later Bonna , Legions often shared the same base with other legions. AEG Aegyptus (Egypt) 2. Also known by the name Legio II Augusta, one can easily conclude that this famous … Contains points of note, including explanation of titles and details of a legion's fate. To reduce the time it took, the cohorts would march in a specific order. Additionally, if a legion was triumphant on a campaign, they would be granted certain titles. Octavian (later Emperor Augustus) mostly took over from where Caesar left off to have these legions at his disposal and to further reinforce their military might. Founded by Julius Caesar to bolster his warring campaign against Pompey, the Legio I Germanica or simply the First Germanic Legion was enlisted in 48 BC. More often than not, they played a decisive role in battles despite massive losses and the odds heavily stacked against them. The legions were identified by Roman numerals, though the spelling sometimes differed from the modern "standard". The army was formed by border and field units. XVII     (This legion of Marcus = Xanten, Germany) The Legio IX fought valiantly alongside its compatriot legions VII, VIII and X during the invasion of Gaul in 58 BC. The legion was enlisted by Caesar in 58 BC with his sights set on scoring a thumping victory in the Gallic Wars. Legions bearing the personal name of an emperor, or of his gens (clan) (e.g. Once the legion arrived at the battlefield, the first cohort would stop and march to the right until the entire Roman line was in position. Legions often sported more than one emblem at the same time, and occasionally changed them. This legion is famous in the history of the imperial Roman army and was considered to be a twin of the much revered Legio VI Ferrata. During the Roman Kingdom and early Roman Republic (753 BCE to 315 BCE), Rome utilized the Greek-style phalanx formation. UK) At around 41 BC, the legion became part of Octavian’s army and clashed in the war against Sextus Pompeius. It’s unclear if it was destroyed in Britannia as I believe some archaeologists have found tombstone inscriptions around ad120/22 in Judea relating to the IXth Legions 1st Cohort. LEG VII (This legion of Marcus Antonius LEG V ALAUDAE   (Vetera, Each emperor normally numbered the legions he raised himself starting from I. (Viminacium, Moesia Superior Pia fidelis (loyal and faithful), fidelis constans and others were titles awarded to several legions, sometimes several times to the same legion. GI Germania Inferior (Netherlands/Rhineland) 11. DC Dacia (Romania/Serbia) 8. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Contrary to the popular belief that it got the Germanica cognomen because its soldiers originated in Germany, almost all the Germanica legionaries were Roman. Large numbers of new legions were raised by rival warlords for the civil wars of the period 49-31 BC. XX = annihilated in battle LEG III GALLICA   Augusta Legion. e.g. e.g. Detachments of legions were often seconded for lengthy periods to other bases and provinces, as operational needs demanded. later Ratiaria, Dacia Ripensis = Bulgaria) BRIT Britannia (England/Wales) 6. near Rome) But Augustus never delivered on his promise. Immediately next came another war that Caesar declared on Triumvir and Pompey around January, 49 BC. AR Arabia Petraea (Jordan/Sinai) 5. Facebook. LEG III CYRENAICA (Bostra, Arabia) Historians also state that later, the Roman holders of power might have decided to send part of the legion to the vassal king Herod of Judaea. such as Sulla, Caesar, Pompey, Crassus, Mark Antony and Octavian (later Augustus, the first Emperor himself). The Legio Hispana Triumphalis, along with other legions enlisted in the campaign by Octavian, soon brought the whole of Sicily under Roman rule. Usually they were authorized by the Roman Senate, and were later disbanded. Diplomas LEG XI A catalogue of the Roman legions. Indicates the bases (castra) and/or provinces where the legion was based during its history, with dates. Military Equipment, and Military Diplomas Roman Legionary Bricks Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section. Once the conflict was settled, many of the legion’s veterans retired in present-day Barcelona and Tenes, Algeria. XXI      (This legion of The border (limitanei) units were to occupy the limes, the structured border fortifications, and were formed by professional soldiers with an inferior training. For example, Vespasian kept the same numbers as before for legions he raised from disbanded units. LEG VII CLAUDIA   LEG XII FULMINATA   The Cyrenaica Legion was active in different shapes and sizes from its formation in 31 BC all the way up to the early years of the fifth century. LEG I MINERVA   (Bonna, Pia fidelis (loyal and faithful), fidelis constans and others were titles awarded to several legions, sometimes several times to the same legion. However, even this practice was not consistently followed. After the initial impact, the soldiers behind the first line would begin to push, forcing the first line to fight and preventing any gaps in the formation from appearing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. LEG XV PRIMIGENIA  (Vetera, Germania Inferior When Caesar fell, the legion was again levied into the Roman military by his heir Octavian. April 21, 2018. Pages on Legions: Legions often sported more than one emblem at the same time, and occasionally changed them. After short periods the commander of the unit would issue the order for the men at the front to step back and for the men behind to take their place. Marcus Antonius cannot be linked beyond doubt to an imperial legion) Roman Military Main Page He formed this legion specifically to get much needed offensive assistance in the civil war he perpetrated against the conservative republican leader Pompey. The map above shows provinces at the end of Trajan's reign, 117. LEG V MACEDONICA   For legions disappearing from the record before 284, the reason (certain or likely) is given as: Large numbers of new legions were raised by rival warlords for the civil wars of the period 49–31 BC. Turkey, XVA countermark on local AE coin) The legion then settled in the province of Macedonia whereupon it became known as the Macedonica Legion. LEG II Parthica   (Alba This became necessary to garrison the Republic's now far-flung territories.