They worked on the film for three years and Lotte had to cut countless pieces of paper to create the jointed silhouettes that were employed. trans.

Indiana University Press. They immediately tried to leave Germany in 1933, but were not able to get emigration visas into France, England or other European countries. complex and expensive matter, since Ravel's music, Colette's libretto and As I wrote about in my posts on Lotte Reiniger, the homages to the influence of her work and her silhouette technique has been far reaching throughout animation history, even if sparse. In 1980, she returned to Germany and produced a final film, a brief short called The Four Seasons (1980) made for The Filmmuseum Düsseldorf. The Big Cartoon Database, “Snow White was the first animated feature” Online. The Groundbreaking Silhouette Animations of Lotte Reiniger: writes Dan North of Spectacular Attractions. Unsubscribe at any time. Lotte also performed with live shadow-puppet 4150-564 Porto, Portugal challenging interpretations of classic fairy tales, new stories and some Her inspiration came from Asian puppet theatre and Chinese shadow theatre. Raganelli, Katja (1999) Lotte Reiniger: Homage to the inventor of the Silhouette Film, Diorama Film: 1,150 Free Movies Online: Great Classics, Indies, Noir, Westerns, etc. We find the free courses and audio books you need, the language lessons & educational videos you want, and plenty of enlightenment in between. Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto

He’s at work on a book about Los Angeles, A Los Angeles Primer, and the video series The City in Cinema. "I love working for children, because they are a very critical and We thank you! had to be

She is one of the faces of German female emancipation, as she earned her living through her artistic abilities, a pioneer in animated movie techniques, as well as the creator of silhouette animation movies. Interview for USC School of Cinematic Arts (1976). Interview online: . Brenda Chapman (director-writer of The prince of Egypt and Brave), Lotte Reiniger: Pioneer of Film Animation by Whitney Grace. Batsford Ltd. Bendazzi, Giannalberto (2001) Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation. June 2 (2016), Google made a Doodle celebrating her 117th birthday:, Ocelot, Michel (2011) Les Contes de la Nuit, Nord-Ouest Films, Studio O, StudioCanal. 2017: European Animation Award (EAA) created a new annual award the “Lotte Reiniger Lifetime Achievement Award”. Wolfgram Evans, Noell K. (1973) Animators of film and television, McFarland & Company Inc. Jean Renoir, cited in: Wolfgram Evans,Noell K. (1973) Animators of film and television, McFarland & Company Inc. (p. 115). She devised the predecessor of the multiplane camera. the Bewitched Things), which tells of a naughty child who ruins his schoolbooks Phillip Kemp British Film Institute. She died in West Germany six years later. by Colin Marshall | Permalink | Comments (1) |. began to triumph), with a musical score by Paul Dessau, Kurt Weill and Paul She was born in Berlin, Germany in 1899 and throughout her life made over 40 films. In a 1969 interview with As a teenager, Lotte decided to become an actress and work with Paul Wegener (film actor and director), whom she deeply admired. With these passions in mind, she started taking acting lessons with Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater Berlin in 1916.³ Wegener also belonged to this group, and was enchanted when he discovered her ability to cut figures from paper.

A Very Thankful Public Twenty-four frames were shot for one second of action, often with only Reiniger herself to animate the scenery and the many characters, and to arrange the lighting effects. She loved Maurice She would perform before her school friends and parents, playing, for example, scenes from Shakespeare.¹. In 1919, aged 20, she produced her first short film, The Ornament of the Loving Heart, which involved the movement of puppets in front of the camera but did not rely on stop-frame animation yet.³. These films are based on folk tales or fairy tale stories such as Cinderella (1922) or Sleeping Beauty (1922). disastrous. Grace, Whitney (2017) Lotte Reiniger: Pioneer of Film Animation, McFarland & Company Inc. Isaacs, John (1970) The Art of Lotte Reiniger, Primrose Productions:

very thankful public."

“No one else has taken a specific animation technique and made it so utterly her own,” writes the British Film Institute’s Philip Kemp, “to date she has no rivals, and for all practical purposes the history of silhouette animation begins and ends with Reiniger” — but the way she breathed life into her material lives on.