Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. More American soldiers became casualties at the Battle of Gettysburg than in the Revolutionary War and War of 1812 combined. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Casualty lists gives the number of men in a unit who were killed, wounded, or went missing in an engagement. Soldiers went to war with their neighbors and their kin. The war was a massive tragedy to the country. The young nation experienced bloodshed of a magnitude that has not been equaled since by any other American conflict. However, combat threw armies into administrative chaos and the accounting done in the hours or days immediately following a battle often raises as many questions as it answers. Despite these drawbacks, with the addition of their massive military power, the Union won the Battle of Shiloh, then Antietam, these victories directly influenced the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation which would free all slaves in the rebelling states. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! The casualties totaled approximately 620,000 Americans, this occurred in the span of about 4 years (April 12, 1861 – April 9, 1865). All work is written to order. Weren't many of these soldiers killed and not found? The Union also had disadvantages that would prove to be a major setback, dragging out the war which should have been an easy victory. Before the Civil War, the United States was a plural noun, after the war the United States became a singular noun. Abraham Lincoln was elected President on November 6th 1860, his victory influenced the start of the rebellion due to his clashing views with the south. Classroom Materials at the Library of Congress, Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861 to 1877, Forgotten Chapter in Lafayette's [Indiana] Civil War, Morgan's Raid Through Ripley County, Indiana, Decline of the Southern Trade Affected the North, Opposition to Abraham Lincoln in Granite, Oregon, National Expansion and Reform, 1815 - 1880, African-American Soldiers During the Civil War, Great Depression and World War II, 1929 to 1945. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. During these vital years, the Southern states began to secede from the Union, the Northern states fought to preserve the Union, this started arguably the most influential war in US history. Most casualties and deaths in the Civil War were the result of non-combat-related disease. However, they still had many advantages. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Also, the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t free any slaves in Northern States, just decreeing it in the Southern States, which was essentially a farce since it didn’t really effectively free any of them. At the outset of the war, neither army had mechanisms in place to handle the amount of death that the nation was about to experience. However, the Northern states had better advantages. In practice, officers would usually be responsible for recording casualties that occurred within their commands. (Library of Congress), Help Bring the Western Theater Battlefield Experience Online, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, 158 Years after Mighty Armies Clashed at Perryville, the State Park Commemorating Their Struggle Is Poised to Grow by Hundreds of Acres, The Battle of Kings Mountain: A Story of Memories, Combined Federal Campaign and State Charitable Campaigns, Watch Exclusive Videos on our YouTube Channel. Our modern conception of casualties includes those who have been psychologically damaged by warfare. The Civil War was the first time in American history that the nation split into two sides that opposed each other and fought against one another. This gives a kind of snapshot of the unit's composition in a specific time and place. Their preservation was adversely affected by rain, river crossings, clerical errors, and cavalry raids. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Even so, it is difficult to imagine a civil war that does not affect all portions of the society in which it takes place, and the Civil War affected the North and its civilians in many ways. For example, according to The National Park Service, “By 1860, 90 percent of the nation’s manufacturing output came from northern states. Enlistment stations were set up in towns and cities across the country, but for the most part only those stations in major northern cities can be relied upon to have preserved records. Tens of thousands of families slipped into destitution. The number of states that made up the southern, or Confederate, states increased just after the war began. A wholly accurate count will almost certainly never be made. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! A possible mental advantage could have been that the Confederates had a better reason to fight, they wanted to preserve their lifestyle and protect their families, also to keep their slaves which they believed was their right. This act influenced the slaves to rebel against their masters even more. Donate today to preserve Civil War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come. 18th May 2020 However, the Northern states had better advantages. One in thirteen surviving Civil War soldiers returned home missing one or more limbs. The Confederates were outnumbered 2 to 1. To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides. This surrender was the beginning of the end of the Civil War. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said “the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.”. There were an estimated 1.5 million casualties reported during the Civil War. Nearly as many men died in captivity during the Civil War as were killed in the whole of the Vietnam War. A "casualty" is a military person lost through death, wounds, injury, sickness, internment, capture, or through being missing in action. History Given the relatively complete preservation of Northern records, Fry's examination of Union deaths is far more accurate than his work in the South. The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in their teaching. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. This revolution propelled the US into the superpower that it is today. Prior to the Civil War there were several significant differences between Northern and Southern states in terms of demographics, occupational opportunities, income–potential, economic classes, production choices, development, and sociopolitical philosophies.