Of the 649 male Black Loyalists at Birchtown, only 184 received farms at all. .  The Welsford-Parker Monument in Halifax is the second-oldest war monument in Canada (1860) and the only Crimean War monument in North America. In 2012, exports from Nova Scotia were 12.1% of provincial GDP, while imports were 22.6%. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. About 2,000 refugees set sail for Nova Scotia from September 1813 to August 1816. However, increasing difficulties posed by border security and the high cost of gasoline led to a decline in the number of American tourists visiting the province. As a result of Father Rale's War (1722–1725), the Mi'kmaq signed a series of treaties with Great Britain in 1725. [need quotation to verify] The French arrived in 1604, and Catholic Mi'kmaq and Acadians formed the majority of the population of the colony for the next 150 years. An attempt to secure the municipal vote for widowed and unmarried women property holders failed.  Its area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,345 sq mi) includes Cape Breton Island and 3,800 other coastal islands. All of Nova Scotia’s four founding cultures share a love of music, family, history, and celebration. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Nova Scotia has participated in many historical events here is the history of Nova Scotia. Boxer Sam Langford was born at Weymouth Falls, NS. The deadliest storm ever to hit Canada struck the Maritimes, stranding or sinking over 1,000 ships, destroying bridges, wharves, homes and churches, and leaving 500 people dead. He completed his journey on 27 June 1898, making him the first man to sail around the world alone. The Nova Scotia Conservative Party won a majority of seats in the House of Assembly. Dubinsky's pop ballad "We Rise Again" might be called the unofficial anthem of Cape Breton. Canada's first newspaper, the Halifax Gazette, was printed by John Bushell. Other actors include John Paul Tremblay, Robb Wells, Mike Smith and John Dunsworth of Trailer Park Boys and actress Joanne Kelly of Warehouse 13. Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Manufacturing, services, labour, and taxation, https://www.britannica.com/place/Nova-Scotia, Official Tourism Site of Nova Scotia, Canada, The Canadian Encyclopedia - Nova Scotia, Canada, Nova Scotia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Nova Scotia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Dr. William Pearly Oliver and his wife Pearleen Borden Oliver helped unite the Black community in the 1940s and 1950s.  The British Empire (including Nova Scotia) declared itself neutral in the conflict. The construction of three offshore platforms off Sable Island was completed and the first natural gas began to flow through a submarine pipeline to mainland Nova Scotia. “Written by women, for women and about women.”Twenty-nine issues were published from 1985 to 1993. More recently, the high value of the Canadian dollar relative to the US dollar has hurt the forestry industry, leading to the shutdown of a long-running pulp and paper mill near Liverpool. First Annual Meeting of NS Equal Franchise League. She also protected the Colonel's son and valuables.  However, conflict between the Acadians, Mi'kmaq, French, and the British persisted in the following decades with King George's War (1744–1748). Oil and natural gas were discovered on Sable Island. James Boyle Uniake became leader of a new Reform government. 2005. p. 53, A history and geography of Nova Scotia by John Burgess Calkin: p. 88, Nova Scotia's Merchandise Trade with the World. Many of the tens of thousands of acres of marshland created by the tremendously high tides—among the highest in the world—of the Bay of Fundy have been turned to agricultural use by dikes, which were begun in the mid-17th century by the early French settlers, the Acadians.  Cruise ships pay regular visits to the province. The Liberian-registered tanker Arrow ran aground on Cerebus Rock in Chedabucto Bay, NS, spilling 10,500 metric tons of oil onto the water and beaches and causing catastrophic environmental damage. The crew of 8 men was rescued. Many of the U.S. prisoners were kept at Deadman's Island, Halifax. Some of the award-winning feature films made in the province are Titanic (starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet); The Shipping News (starring Kevin Spacey and Julianne Moore); K-19: The Widowmaker (starring Harrison Ford and Liam Neeson); Amelia (starring Hilary Swank, Richard Gere and Ewan McGregor) and The Lighthouse (starring Robert Pattinson and William Dafoe). The Nova Scotian climate is in many ways similar to the central Baltic Sea coast in Northern Europe, only wetter and snowier.