Picture taken on Oct. 18, 1989. Farther away from the Santa Cruz Mountains, pieces of concrete fell from a parking structure at the Sunnyvale Town Center, a two-level shopping mall in Santa Clara County. No surface faulting occurred, though many other ground failures and landslides were present, especially in the Summit area of the Santa Cruz Mountains. Minor lateral spreading was also seen along the shores of San Francisco Bay and to the south near Monterey Bay. With an Mw magnitude of 6.9 and a maximum Modified Mercalli intensityof IX (Violent), the shock was responsible for 63 deaths and 3,757 injuries. The collapse of the Cypress Street Viaduct (Nimitz Freeway) caused most of the earthquake-related deaths. [11], Since many forecasts had been presented for the region near Loma Prieta, seismologists were not taken by surprise by the October 1989 event. [22][47][63] Caltrans removed and replaced the collapsed section, and re-opened the bridge on November 18. Caltrans has since received widespread backlash for not thoroughly studying the structure. Damage was heavy in Santa Cruz County and less so to the south in Monterey County, but effects extended well to the north into the San Francisco Bay Area, both on the San Francisco Peninsula and across the bay in Oakland. Since the bay was only two blocks from the burning buildings,[49] water from the bay was pumped by the fireboat Phoenix, to engines on the shore, and from there sprayed on the fire. The property damage price tag for the quake was over $5.9 Billion. Shaken – and then stirred. [56] The body of a young woman coffee worker was found under a collapsed wall late the next day. Other effects included sand volcanoes, landslides and ground ruptures. [68] On October 21, survivor Buck Helm was freed from the wreckage, having spent 90 hours trapped in his car. CBS News also bagan coverage around that same time with coverage from its San Francisco affiliate KPIX-TV. The freeway collapsed Tuesday as a major earthquake, measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale, hit the Bay area. While this was called "The San Francisco Earthquake" by the media, the Santa Cruz area also sustained much damage and required a great deal of volunteer manpower to recover. [64] Employees from Pacific Pipe drove heavy lift equipment to the scene and started using it to raise sections of fallen freeway enough to allow further rescue. (Photo by Jim Sugar/Corbis via Getty Images). The third game of the series was scheduled to begin at 5:30 p.m. at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. [45] After the Exposition, apartment buildings were erected on the landfill. A Marine guard watches over an earthquake-damaged area of San Franciscoon October 17, 1989, to prevent looting. Built on sand and landfill, some of it from the 1906 quake, the area's soil composition was naturally porous. At sites with rocky terrain, the duration was shorter and the shaking was much less intense, and at locations with unconsolidated soil (like the Marina District in San Francisco or the Cypress Street Viaduct in Oakland) the intensity of the shaking was more severe and lasted longer. The Casa Del Rey retirement hotel in Santa Cruz was demolished after damage suffered in the Loma Prieta earthquake, October 17, 1989. President George H.W. On October 17, 1989, a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit the San Francisco Bay Area, killing 67 people and causing more than $5 billion in damages. This is bad news for... Iconic San Francisco restaurant announces reopening... I-80 closed in both directions near Auburn. [40][41] KCBS-AM (CBS News Radio) switched immediately to backup power and managed to stay on air despite a subsequent generator failure. Thanks for stopping by and please contact me if you have any questions before your trip. After the quake, they postponed game three of the World Series for 10 days. [61], The San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge suffered severe damage, as a 76-by-50-foot (23 m × 15 m) section of the upper deck on the eastern cantilever side fell onto the deck below. Other ground effects included downslope movement, slumps, and ground cracks. The top-deck section of the Cyprus Freeway collapsed onto its lower level, crushing scores of vehicles with heavy loss of life, during the earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay area late Tuesday, Oct. 17. At around 7:19 a.m. on September 19, 1985, Mexico City, one of the world’s largest urban areas, was jolted by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake, ...read more, On September 21, 1999, an earthquake in Taiwan killed more than 2,400 people, destroyed or damaged thousands of buildings and left an estimated 100,000 people homeless. [17] In addition, there were 3,757 injuries as a result of the earthquake, 400 of which were serious. Contact her at katie.dowd@sfgate.com. Minutes later the Loma Prieta earthquake struck. [1][14], The Loma Prieta earthquake was named for Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains, which lies just to the east of the mainshock epicenter. "[58] At that moment, the signal from Candlestick Park was lost. Television viewers saw the video signal begin to break up, heard McCarver repeat a sentence as the shaking distracted him, and heard McCarver's colleague Al Michaels exclaim, "I'll tell you what, we're having an earth – . Cars are sandwiched in damaged sections of the Bay Bridge, near Oakland, Tuesday evening, Oct. 17, 1989, after the bridge came apart following a major earthquake. After this one, the only freeway running through the city had to be torn down due to damage from the quake. Damaged buildings in Santa Cruz, California, following the San Francisco-Oakland earthquake of 1989. Game 3 of the series was scheduled to begin at San Francisco's Candlestick Park on October 17 at 5:35 PDT, and American TV network ABC began its pre-game show at 5:00 PDT. Hi there! https://www.history.com/topics/natural-disasters-and-environment/1989-san-francisco-earthquake. [46], At the intersection of Beach and Divisadero Streets in San Francisco, a natural gas main rupture caused a major structure fire. Copyright © 2009-2020 by Jill Loeffler, SFTourismTips.com. Each event's aftershock sequence and effect on stress drop was closely examined, and their study indicated that the shocks affected the mainshock's rupture process. Paul Barwick (right)hands a television set to his friend Frank (last name not given) as they help a resident of the Marine district remove valuables from his braced-up home Friday, Oct. 21, 1989 in San Francisco. A general view of the crowd at Candlestick Park after an earthquake interrupts the World Series in San Francisco. Please help us improve. Car was damaged when the Cypress Freeway collapsed on top of the lower deck during the 7.1 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake.