Sénateur d'origine africaine, il s'appuya sur ses armées et sur sa présence à Rome, source de légitimité, pour éliminer ses principaux rivaux, Pescennius Niger en Orient puis Clodius Albinus en Occident. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Septimius_Severus/. Issu d'une famille libyenne (berbère) de riches notables originaire de Leptis Magna[1][réf. The Palace of Septimius Severus on the Palatine Hill was an extension of the Domus Augustana and was built during the reign of the Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD)..

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Severus, to pay for these raises, had to debase the silver coinage.

We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Lucius Septimius Severus was Roman emperor from April 193 to February 211 CE. Représentant l'aristocratie de l'Occident latin, Albinus est l'un des prétendants au titre d'empereur dans les années 193-197, face à Pescennius Niger, candidat de l'Orient grec, et à Septime Sévère, candidat de l'armée et de la région des Balk […] Leaving Geta south (supposedly leaving him responsible for the civil administration of Britain south of the wall), Severus and his son Antoninus campaigned in the north, especially in what is now Scotland. Severus expanded and re-fortified the African frontier, even expanding Rome’s presence into the Sahara thus curtailing the raiding activities of these border tribes who could no longer attack Roman lands with impunity and then escape back into the desert. "Septimius Severus." In 208 CE, small scale fighting on the frontier of Roman Britain gave Severus the excuse to launch a campaign there which would last until his death in 211 CE. After breaking the Parthian siege there, he proceeded to march down the Euphrates attacking and sacking the Parthian cities of Seleucia, Babylon, and ultimately the Parthian capital of Ctesiphon. Puis il administra la Lyonnaise, où il pourchassa Maternus et ses brigands, devint proconsul de Sicile en 189 et légat de Pannonie supérieure de 191 à 193 ; à partir de ce moment, les régions danubiennes le soutinrent elles aussi. «  SEPTIME SÉVÈRE, lat. His last words, according to various historians, seem to imply that he felt he may have left his work unfinished. He was of Libyan descent from Lepcis Magna and came from a locally prominent Punic family who had a history of rising to senatorial as well as consular status. Sa mère, Julia Domna, était la fille du grand prêtre d'Émèse, en Syrie […] His first visit to Rome was around 163 CE during the reign of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus.He was protected by his cousin Caius Septimius Severus … Septime Sévère - Septimius Severus. Lucius Septimus Severus (né vers 70 et mort vers 110) est le père de Publius Septimius Geta, lui-même père de l'empereur Septime Sévère.Issu d'une famille libyenne (berbère) de riches notables originaire de Leptis Magna [1] [réf. By this time (211 CE), Severus could not continue his campaigns against them. Written by Patrick Hurley, published on 11 April 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Clodius Albinus ayant pris la pourpre, [...], 1  Lire la suite, Lepcis Magna, port important de la Tripolitaine, avait appartenu à l'ancien domaine punique devenu la province romaine d'Afrique proconsulaire. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. As a young man, Severus advanced under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. At Lepcis Magna, he conducted an energetic program of monument building, providing colonnaded streets, a new forum, a basilica, and a new harbor for his hometown. Lire la suite, Dans le chapitre « L'art « antiphysique » » Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The second was Pescennius Niger, governor of Syria, and the third was, of course, Septimius Severus who governed the province of Pannonia Superior on the Danube frontier. Dernière modification le 31 août 2020, à 14:17, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucius_Septimius_Severus&oldid=174306894, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. His marriage was also a manifestation of this transition. He was a long-time sufferer of gout which appears to have taken a toll on him: He died at Eburacum (York) on 4 February 211 CE. Victoire totale et association […] Ce prince (princeps) laissa une œuvre considérable : une partie […] Not only did he greatly increase the size of the army, in order to ensure its loyalty he also raised the annual pay of the soldiers from 300 to 500 denarii (many would have seen this pay rise as overdue, as the last raise in soldiers’ salaries was granted by the emperor Domitian in 84 CE). After securing the loyalty of the sixteen legions of the Rhine and Danube to his cause, Septimius marched into, Arch of Septimius Severus, Rome [Side View], by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA).

194 Septime sévère bat son rival oriental, Pescennius Niger. It seems that the long term effects this may have had on inflation were minimal, although Severus set a precedent for future emperors to continuously debase the coinage in order to pay for the army. Moreover, the inability of Pertinax to meet the Guard’s demands for back pay led to their revolt which ended in the emperor’s assassination. L. Septimius married Paccia Marciana around 175 CE who had Punic origins like him; however, she died ten years later. 22 Oct 2020. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 11 Apr 2011. La situation évoquait celle des années 68-69. He was protected by his cousin Caius Septimius Severus and entered the Roman Senate in 170 CE.

As the first African emperor, he marked a transition of power from the capital to provincial regions. By 210 CE, however, the northern tribes sued for peace, and Severus used this opportunity to build a new advance base at Carpow on the Tay for future campaigning. The Palatine Hill was closely linked with the foundation of ancient Rome and housed some of its most lavish and important buildings, including the homes and palaces …

Inscrivez-vous à notre newsletter hebdomadaire et recevez en cadeau un ebook au choix ! Nous avons vu que jusqu'à la fin du ii e  siècle, la production artistique romaine a été dominée tour à tour par trois courants rivaux, qui tous trois sont nés à l'époque hellénistique : le courant classique, héritier de l'art attique par l'intermédiaire des écoles augustéennes ; le courant baroque, inspiré lointainement par Scopas, et plus directement par les écoles pergaménienne et rhodienne ; […]

He also took the title Britannicus for himself and his sons to commemorate this victory. Septimius’ rise to emperor began with the murder of the dissolute ruler Commodus on the last day of 192 CE. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Aurelius Victor reported that Severus, on his deathbed, despairingly declared ‘I have been all things, and it has profited nothing.’ Dio, who knew Severus personally, wrote that, as the emperor expired, he gasped ‘Come, give it to me, if we have anything to do!’, Related Content He was of Libyan descent from Lepcis Magna and came from a locally prominent Punic family who had a history of rising to senatorial as well as consular status. Pour d' autres personnes avec des noms similaires, voir Septimia (Gén). Septimius, in making his claim, had an edge over these two men. Commodus’ immediate successor, the well-respected if elderly Pertinax, was quickly made emperor afterwards. Septimius Severus ruled Rome with his two sons.

Severus is also noted for his reforms of the army. His first visit to Rome was around 163 CE during the reign of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. She was descended from a family of great priests of Eliogabal. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Élargissez votre recherche dans Universalis. Septime Sévère, buste romain, Ier siècle, marbre. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The course of the campaign was one that was mixed for the Romans: the native Caledonian tribes did not meet the Romans in open battle and engaged in guerrilla tactics against them and caused the Romans to suffer heavy casualties. 2  Il gouverna toujours en s'appuyant sur ces provinces (Afrique, Syrie, Danube) contre Rome et l'Italie, contre le Sénat au besoin. Having now secured Rome (and, for the moment, Albinus’ loyalty in the west), Septimius now organized a campaign to march to the eastern provinces to eliminate his rival Niger. Il est nommé sufes et prefectus lorsque Leptis est érigée en colonie et que ses habitants acquièrent la citoyenneté sous Trajan. Severus could be ruthless towards his enemies. 198 Campagnes de Septime Sévère contre les Parthes. After coming to a face-saving agreement with Hatra, Septimius declared victory in the East, taking the title of Parthicus Maximus (indeed, the Senate voted him a Triumphal Arch in the Roman Forum which still stands today). Not only did this give each governor a powerful military base of three legions but also ensured that the provinces adjacent to them would more often than not join in their cause if they decided to rise up and make a bid for imperial power. Moreover, Severus ended the ban on marriage which had existed in the Roman army, giving soldiers the right to take wives. After the defeat of his rivals, Severus resolved to not have another take power in the fashion that he did. Britain was also divided into two provinces (Britannia Superior and Britannia Inferior), although it is debated whether or not Severus or his son and successor Caracalla did this. Lucius Septimus Severus (né vers 70 et mort vers 110) est le père de Publius Septimius Geta, lui-même père de l'empereur Septime Sévère.

Après l'assassinat de Commode, Pertinax, un bon général pourtant, ne tint que quatre-vingt-sept jours. En 187, il épousa Julia Domna, fille du grand prêtre d'Émèse ; la Syrie également s'attacha dès lors à sa cause. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 31 août 2020 à 14:17. LUCIUS SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (146-211) - empereur romain (193-211) », Encyclopædia Universalis [en ligne], Moreover, he brought with him his sons Antoninus and Geta in the hopes of providing them with some administrative and military experience necessary for holding the imperial power (until this point, the two sons had spent their time violently quarrelling with each other as well as behaving like libertines carousing at Rome’s less reputable establishments). Moreover, he conferred upon his eldest son M. Aurelius Antoninus (later the emperor Caracalla) the title of Caesar.