Victor Hugo was a renowned poet, novelist and playwright of the Romantic Movement in 19th century France. On 22 May 1885 at the age of 83, Victor Hugo breathed his last. All that I am, or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother. He is considered by many as one of the greatest and best-known French authors of all times. He lost his wife in 1868. Victor Hugo was born on 26 February 1802 in Besancon, France, to Joseph Leopold Sigisbert Hugo and Sophie Trebuchet. It was immensely successful and was promptly translated to a number of foreign languages. In 1831, Victor Hugo published the Gothic novel, ‘Notre-Dame de Paris’ (The Hunchback of Notre Dame). Another of his famous novels, ‘Les Misérables’ was published in 1862 after several years of hard work. Hugo's Rationalism can be found in poems such as Torquemada (1869, about religious fanaticism), The Pope (1878, anti-clerical), Religions and Religion (1880, denying the usefulness of churches) and, published posthumously, The End of Satan and God (1886 and 1891 respectively, in which he represents Christianity as a griffin and Rationalism as an angel). During his exile, he published two famous political pamphlets against Napoleon III, ‘Napoléon le Petit’ and ‘Histoire d'un crime’. "Religions pass away, but God remains", Hugo declared. By 1803, his mother was exhausted of travelling and decided to stay back in Paris while his father went to Italy. Je verrai cet instant jusqu'à ce que je meure, L'instant, pleurs superflus ! Où je criai : L'enfant que j'avais tout à l'heure, Quoi donc ! mixing the beautiful and the good with the ugly and the displeasing. of which many thousands are in existence. He had also pleaded for Benito Juárez to spare the recently captured emperor Maximilian I of Mexico but to no avail. He is known for producing large Léopold enlisted in the army of Revolutionary Franceat fourteen, he was an atheist and an ardent supporter of th… Movement. With the arrival of the July Monarchy, Hugo became wealthy and famous, In 1831 Hugo published his novel His daughter, Adèle, withdrew into a fantasy world until His father, Joseph was a freethinking republican. Unusually close to his mother, he married Adèle (in 1822) only after his mother's death in 1821. The celebrations began on the 25th when Hugo was presented with a Sèvres vase, the traditional gift for sovereigns. Claude Gueux, a documentary short story about a real-life murderer who had been executed in France, appeared in 1834, and was later considered by Hugo himself to be a precursor to his great work on social injustice, Les Misérables. Thereafter he became increasingly involved in French politics. A group of French academicians, particularly Etienne de Jouy, were fighting against the "romantic evolution" and had managed to delay Victor Hugo's election. Le Roi s'amuse Brother of Jean François Abel Joseph Hugo; Eugène Hugo and FNU Hugo. He shares a crypt within the Panthéon with Alexandre Dumas and Émile Zola. Besançon, France royal salary in 1822. published in October 1827. Meanwhile, his first novel ‘Han d'Islande’ was published in 1823, followed by his second novel ‘Bug-Jargal’, published in 1826. He frequented Spiritism during his exile (where he participated also in many séances conducted by Madame Delphine de Girardin), and in later years settled into a Rationalist Deism similar to that espoused by Voltaire. A Freethinker". From there he He was the third-born and the youngest son of the family. (1859), conceived as part of an enormous uncompleted work whose mission Paris, France The French author Victor Hugo, is regarded by many as the supreme poet of frustrated by the poet's immense selfishness, turned for comfort The precocious passion and eloquence of Hugo's early work brought success and fame at an early age. The book presented a picture of the atrocities committed during the French Revolution. became the meeting place for the ambitious writers of the Romantic The success of the novel turned his fortune. went to the British Channel islands of Jersey and Guernsey. Thereafter he became increasingly involved in French politics. While in exile, Hugo published his famous political pamphlets against Napoleon III, Napoléon le Petit and Histoire d'un crime. His residences - Hauteville House, Guernsey and 6, Place des Vosges, Paris have been preserved as museums. In France, he is most revered for his poetry followed by his novels and dramas. was performed forty-five times (an unusual success for those days). The work explored social misery and injustice. The novel was an instant success and was quickly translated into several languages. Hugo was on vacation when Les Misérables was published. He also helped to establish the Third Republican and democracy in France. writing was valued). However, he was also becoming more supportive of the Republican form of government and, following the 1848 Revolution and the formation of the Second Republic, was elected to the Constitutional Assembly and the Legislative Assembly. Only Juliette remained loyal during the seventeen years the Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. had tragically drowned in the Seine with her young husband in 1843. Hugo was now seized with a new ambition: he wished to become a Among the Rocks on Jersey (1853–55). The years 1826 and 1827 were successful ones for the Cénacle, the, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup. Olympio: The Life of Victor Hugo. Indeed, Hugo's family was doomed with many tragedies. turning an envious eye towards the past, unconsolable by anything on earth, I keep looking at that moment of my life when I saw her open her wings and fly away! French author. Although Napoleon III granted an amnesty to all political exiles in 1859, Hugo declined, as it meant he would have to curtail his criticisms of the government. There were many séances (meetings of people He also produced more than 4,000 beautiful drawings. Juliette saved the poet, found him Despite his popularity Hugo lost his bid for reelection to the National Assembly in 1872. The couple later had four children. On 30 January 1876 Hugo was elected to the newly created Senate. Despite his personal loss, Hugo remained committed to the cause of political change. society and once again amazed the reading public with the range of his Her young husband Charles Vacquerie also died trying to save her. In November 1853 Hugo's anti-Napoleonic volume, *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The final edition of In 1822 Hugo also published his first signed book, Les Voix intérieures, Four years later, his second collection of poetry ‘Odes et Ballades’ (1826) strengthened his reputation further. (1838). During this She drowned in the Seine at Villequier, pulled down by her heavy skirts, when a boat overturned. A mother's arms are made of tenderness and children sleep soundly in them. His first full-length book was ‘Notre- Dame de Paris’ (The Hunchback of Notre Dame), published in 1831. To honor his entering his 80th year in 1881, celebrations across France were organized which included the largest parade in French history. I will see that instant until I die, that instant—too much for tears! major work name given to a group of young romantics who were supporters of Hugo and during this process. his poetry. Victor Hugo’s education in his childhood was largely supervised by his mother who was a devout Catholic Royalist. Dedicated to the channel island of Guernsey where he spent 15 years of exile, Hugo's depiction of Man's battle with the sea and the horrible creatures lurking beneath its depths spawned an unusual fad in Paris: Squids. Within a brief period, he suffered a mild stroke, his daughter Adèle's internment in an insane asylum, and the death of his two sons. She drowned in the Seine at Villequier when her boat overturned; her husband also died trying to save her. He wrote many poems afterwards about his daughter's life and death, and at least one biographer claims he never completely recovered from it. Hugo lived briefly in Brussels (1851) then moved to the Channel Islands, firstly to Jersey (1852–55) and then to the smaller island of Guernsey (1855–1870). The book also inspired a renewed appreciation for pre-Renaissance buildings, which thereafter began to be actively preserved. It was only after Napoleon III fell from power and the Third Republic was proclaimed that Hugo finally returned to his homeland in 1870, where he was promptly elected to the National Assembly and the Senate. I beg a prayer to all souls. Hugo's wife left him to live in Brussels, where she died Hugo was the third, illegitimate, son of Joseph Léopold Sigisbert Hugo (1774–1828) and Sophie Trébuchet (1772–1821); his brothers were Abel Joseph Hugo (1798–1855) and Eugène Hugo (1800–1837). The most important thing a father can do for his children is to love their mother. supporters out shouting the neoclassicists and antiromantics (people who Victor Hugo was traveling with his mistress at the time in the south of France, and learned about Léopoldine's death from a newspaper as he sat in a cafe.