[154] They describe Vlad as a "demented psychopath, a sadist, a gruesome murderer, a masochist", worse than Caligula and Nero. [32], The Ottomans defeated Hunyadi's army in the Battle of Kosovo between 17 and 18 October. Es gilt als gesichert, dass Vlad Tepes ein Krieger gewesen ist, der seine Opfer mit einem Holzpflock pfählte.

[92], The Ottoman fleet landed at Brăila (which was the only Wallachian port on the Danube) in May. [194] Actually, Stoker's working papers for his book contain no references to the historical figure,[191] the name of the character being named in all draughts but the later ones 'Count Wampyr'. 1475 fallen die ungarischen Truppen unter der Führung von Vlad in Bosnien ein. Vlad III, known as Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad Țepeș [ˈvlad ˈtsepeʃ]) or Vlad Dracula (/ˈdrækjələ/; Romanian: Vlad Drăculea [-ˈdrəkule̯a]; 1428/31 – 1476/77), was Voivode of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death. On the other hand, the Skazanie sharply criticized Vlad for his conversion to Catholicism, attributing his death to this apostasy. Die Diplomatie des Rennaissance-Königs wollte Ruhe an der Grenze zum osmanischen Reich. [130], Vlad had two wives, according to modern specialists. Im Laufe seiner Regierung wendet er sich von dem Osmanischen Reich ab.
The Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed II, ordered Vlad to pay homage to him personally, but Vlad had the Sultan's two envoys captured and impaled. [62][63] Vlad styled himself "Lord and ruler over all of Wallachia, and the duchies of Amlaș and Făgăraș" on 20 September 1459, showing that he had taken possession of both of these traditional Transylvanian fiefs of the rulers of Wallachia. Der Sultan marschierte in die Walachei ein, weil Vlad sich weigerte weiterhin Tribut an das Osmanische Reich zu zahlen. Sein Nachfolger Mohammed II besteigt den Thron und wird Herrscher über das osmanische Reich. Mathias Corvinus wurde das wackelnde Temperament des Fürsten zuviel. Vlad went to Transylvania to seek assistance from Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, in late 1462, but Corvinus had him imprisoned. [42], Multiple sources (including Laonikos Chalkokondyles's chronicle) recorded that hundreds or thousands of people were executed at Vlad's order at the beginning of his reign.




Vlad Tepes war ein Meister dreier Künste: der diplomatischen, der militärischen und der des Pfählens.Letzteres betrieb er mit Leidenschaft und diese Kunst hat ihn auch berühmt gemacht.

[15][13] Historian Radu Florescu writes that Vlad was born in the Transylvanian Saxon town of Sighișoara (then in the Kingdom of Hungary), where his father lived in a three-storey stone house from 1431 to 1435. Ganze Strassenzüge sind markiert mit gepfählten Leichen. [64][65] Michael Szilágyi allowed the boyar Michael (an official of Vladislav II of Wallachia)[66] and other Wallachian boyars to settle in Transylvania in late March 1458.

[112] He associates the author of the forgery with a Saxon priest of Brașov. [120] In January 1476 John Pongrác of Dengeleg, Voivode of Transylvania, urged the people of Brașov to send to Vlad all those of his supporters who had settled in the town, because Corvinus and Basarab Laiotă had concluded a treaty. [180] One of the greatest Romanian poets, Mihai Eminescu, dedicated a historic ballad, The Third Letter, to the valiant princes of Wallachia, including Vlad.

Consequently, Stoker borrowed the name and "scraps of miscellaneous information" about the history of Wallachia when writing his book about Count Dracula. Vlad Țepeș (n. 1431, Sighișoara, Transilvania, România – d. 14 decembrie 1476, București, Țara Românească), denumit și Vlad Drăculea (sau Dracula, de către străini), a domnit în Țara Românească în anii 1448, 1456 - 1462 și 1476. Vom Winter 1461- Sommer 1462 führte die Walachei Krieg gegen das türkische Reich unter Sultan Mehmet II. [42][43] Vladislav II died during the invasion. In den Wirren der einzelnen Kriege kann er seinem Bruder den Thron entreißen und sich selbst zum Woiwoden ernennen. [175] The peasants telling the tales knew that Vlad's sobriquet was connected to the frequent impalements during his reign, but they said only such cruel acts could secure public order in Wallachia. [197] He was portrayed among the witnesses of Saint Andrew's martyrdom in a 15th-century painting, displayed in the Belvedere in Vienna. Then he had the women's breasts cut off and put the babies inside headfirst; thus he had them impaled together. [149] He described Vlad as "a man of unheard cruelty and justice".

[14] The last of the four charters also referred to their younger brother, Radu. [35][36] Not long after, he moved to Moldavia, where Bogdan II (his father's brother-in-law and possibly his maternal uncle) had mounted the throne with John Hunyadi's support in the autumn of 1449. Vlad unterliegt, Ende 1448, in einer Schlacht mit den walachischen Bojaren (=Großgrundbesitzer/Edelleute in "rumänischen" Fürstentümern), die Vlads Anspruch auf den Thron seines Vaters Vlad II nicht anerkennen wollten und flieht in die Karpaten, um sich dort zu verstecken. Das Ziel seines Kriegszugs ist die Unterwerfung und Eroberung der osmanisch-besetzten Gebiete. [48] After John Hunyadi died on 11 August 1456, his elder son, Ladislaus Hunyadi became the captain-general of Hungary. 1448 unterwirft Vlad die ungarischen Truppen bei Bukarest und marschiert in die Hauptstadt ein. [93] Either the imprisonment or the death of the sultan would have caused a panic among the Ottomans, which could have enabled Vlad to defeat the Ottoman army. Graf Dracula ist mit den Hunnen verwandt. Seine Schreckensherrschaft über die Walachei beginnt. [13] As he was old enough to be a candidate to the throne of Wallachia in 1448, his time of birth would have been between 1428 and 1431. [74] Dan III stated that Vlad had Saxon merchants and their children impaled or burnt alive in Wallachia.[74]. [177] Deleanu's Țiganiada (Gypsy Epic) (which was published only in 1875, almost a century after its composition) presented Vlad as a hero fighting against the boyars, Ottomans, strigoi (or vampires), and other evil spirits at the head of an army of gypsies and angels. [85][86], After the execution of the Ottoman officials, Vlad gave orders in fluent Turkish to the commander of the fortress of Giurgiu to open the gates, enabling the Wallachian soldiers to break in the fortress and capture it. Dort wird er von König Matthias Corvinus in den Kerker gesperrt.

Die übrigen hätten diese dann essen müssen. In den 6 Jahren seiner Herrschaft erwarb er sich einen Ruf als extrem grausamer Fürst: Er ließ Gesandten die Hüte am Kopf festnageln, Zigtausende von Leuten pfählen (auf die grausame, langsame orientalische Weise mit eingefettetem, abgerundetem Pfahl im After), trank das Blut seiner Opfer, tötete mindestens eine seiner Frauen und eine Mätresse, »beseitigte« die Armut, indem er die Armen verbrannte, und zwang die Zigeuner zum Kriegsdienst, indem er sie vor die Wahl stellte, gegen die Türken zu kämpfen oder ihre eigenen Kinder zu verspeisen. Der Drache wurde auch im Woiwodensiegel geführt. [122] Stephen Báthory and Vlad entered Moldavia, forcing the sultan to lift the siege of the fortress at Târgu Neamț in late August, according to a letter of Matthias Corvinus. [138][140] He was the forefather of the noble Drakwla family. [181] He urges Vlad to return from the grave and to annihilate the enemies of the Romanian nation:[181].

Seine Grabinsel befindet sich in der Nähe von Buda.

[22][23] Vlad and Radu accompanied their father to the Ottoman Empire, where they were all imprisoned. Hier lernt Ihr die Biografie des Vlad Tepes Draculea, Graf Dracula, kennen. Er ersann auch besondere Maschinen für das Zerstückeln, Braten und Sieden lebender Menschen.