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by the granting of indulgences as though they were still alive and in force? 94. 6) What did Exsurge Domine say about the rejected propositions? [66] Luther later stated that the issue of indulgences was insignificant relative to controversies which he would enter into later, such as his debate with Erasmus over the bondage of the will,[67] nor did he see the controversy as important to his intellectual breakthrough regarding the gospel. Yet it does not mean solely inner repentance; such inner repentance is worthless unless it produces various outward Thesis 3: Yet it [i.e., the call to repent in Mark 4:17] does not mean solely inner repentance; such inner repentance is worthless unless it produces various outward mortification of the flesh. imposed on the dying. [10] It would apply to almost any sin, including adultery and theft. To placate his opponents, he published a Sermon on Indulgences and Grace, which did not challenge the pope's authority. In the Theses, Luther claimed that the repentance required by Christ in order for sins to be forgiven involves inner spiritual repentance rather than merely external sacramental confession. It was a harsh and unexpected personal attack, charging Luther with heresy and stupidity. basilica of St. Peter were burned to ashes than built up with the skin, flesh, and bones of his sheep. 4) How did the Church respond to The 95 Theses? 95.

blessings? It is unlikely that it would be the other way round! not buy papal indulgences but God's wrath. [57], Luther was summoned by authority of the pope to defend himself against charges of heresy before Thomas Cajetan at Augsburg in October 1518.

Therefore he asks that those who cannot be present and dispute with him orally shall do so in their absence by letter. The bishops, curates, and theologians who permit such talk to be spread among the people will have to answer for this.

Answer: The “95 Theses” were written in 1517 by a German priest and professor of theology named Martin Luther. (1 Co 12[:28]). among the people of Christ. 32. print and digital media outlets, dedicated to reporting the truth in light of the Gospel and the Though Luther claimed that his positions on indulgences accorded with those of the Pope, the Theses challenge a 14th-century papal bull stating that the pope could use the treasury of merit and the good deeds of past saints to forgive temporal punishment for sins.

Tetzel defended these in a disputation before the University of Frankfurt on the Oder in January 1518. [19] He contacted church leaders on the subject by letter, including his superior Hieronymus Schulz [de], Bishop of Brandenburg, sometime on or before 31 October, when he sent the Theses to Archbishop Albert of Brandenburg. Any truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without indulgence letters. [35], Luther's theses were intended to begin a debate among academics, not a popular revolution,[34] but there are indications that he saw his action as prophetic and significant. They can also be problematic, they just weren’t among those dealt with in Exsurge Domine. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true …

This was in reference to the obelisks used to mark heretical passages in texts in the Middle Ages. [40], The Theses were copied and distributed to interested parties soon after Luther sent the letter to Archbishop Albert. This fear or horror is sufficient in itself, to say nothing of other things, to constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near the horror of despair. Those priests act ignorantly and wickedly who, in the case of the dying, reserve canonical penalties for purgatory. The bishops, curates, and theologians who permit such talk to be spread among the people will have to answer for this. [51] The Explanations have been called Luther's first Reformation work. The pope can only announce God's forgiveness of the guilt of sin in his name. pope. Nevertheless, papal remission and blessing are by no means to be disregarded, for they are, as I have said (Thesis 6), the Indeed, they would not exist. This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as [33] In the heading of the Theses, Luther invited interested scholars from other cities to participate. This unbridled preaching of indulgences makes it difficult even for learned men to rescue the reverence which is due the The former