As of October 14, 2015, the position is held by Ashley Orbach.[57]. Updates? The Government of the Northwest Territories of Canada (GNWT) also has a unique certification program. Nations who agree to participate in the Kimberly process are not permitted to trade with nonmember Nations. Corrections? Reports estimated that as much as 21% of the total diamond production in the 1980s was being sold for illegal and unethical purposes and 19% was specifically conflict in nature. The Kimberley Process was initiated in May 2000 by South Africa with Canada a major supporter of instituting the scheme. [4] By 1999, the illegal diamond trade was estimated by the World Diamond Council to have been reduced to 4% of the world's diamond production. [17], From 1989 to 2003, Liberia was engaged in a civil war. The Kimberley Process attempted to curtail the flow of conflict diamonds, help stabilize fragile countries and support their development. [26], According to the 2005 Country Reports on Human Right Practices of Africa from the United States, serious human rights issues still exist in Sierra Leone, even though the 11-year civil conflict had officially ended by 2002. Abuse of the legitimate diamond trade in Zimbabwe prompted calls to redefine blood diamonds as gems whose trade is based on aggression or violence of any kind. Apr. The Diamond Development Initiative helps improve and regulate the legal diamond industry. [41][42] The resolution called for an international certification system on the export and import of diamonds, legislation in all countries to accept only officially sealed packages of diamonds, for countries to impose criminal charges on anyone trafficking in conflict diamonds, and instituted a ban on any individual found trading in conflict diamonds from the diamond bourses of the World Federation of Diamond Bourses. It shows that it is a huge consequence of blood diamonds that it brought into Sierra Leone. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) claimed that they supported causes of justice and democracy in the beginning, but later on they started to control the villages and to prevent local people from voting for the new government by chopping off their limbs. Omissions? [53], United States enacted the Clean Diamond Trade Act (CDTA) on April 25, 2003,[54] implemented on July 29, 2003, by Executive Order 13312. Canadian diamonds are tracked from the mine, through the refining process, to the retail jeweler with a unique diamond identification number (DIN) laser inscribed on the diamond's girdle. Today 81 governments and several non-government organizations abide by the Kimberly Process.

Diamonds mined during the recent[when?] These diamonds are often the main source of funding for the rebels; however, arms merchants, smugglers, and dishonest diamond traders enable their actions. [48], The company Materialytics claims that it can trace the origin of virtually any diamond using Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Canada has now passed several laws that help stop the trade of conflict diamonds. Also in tourist countries like Dubai and the United Kingdom. Still, after the report was published in 2013 smugglers from these African countries were selling blood diamonds through channels less sophisticated such as social media posts. Indeed, in 2000 the UN Security Council issued a report on the presence of conflict diamonds in world markets that specifically implicated De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., the Anglo–South African company that controlled about 60 percent of the global trade in rough diamonds.

By Nick Collins 05 August 2010 • 12:29 pm. Sierra Leone remains in an unstable political situation, although the country has elected a new government.

However, it does not improve anything—the money is not reaching the public and it has not provided benefit to anyone in the communities.

The Republic of the Congo was readmitted in 2007.[33]. [23] For example, during that time, RUF was mining up to $125 million of diamonds yearly. …under scrutiny for dealing in conflict (or “blood”) diamonds—i.e., diamonds mined in areas controlled by forces opposed to the legitimate government of a country and illegally sold to fund military action against that government. 03–19676 - Executive Order 13312 of July 29, 2003 - Implementing the Clean Diamond Trade Act", "GAO-06-978, Conflict Diamonds: Agency Actions Needed to Enhance Implementation of the Clean Diamond Trade Act", "Stop Blood Diamonds - Creating a Conflict Free Diamond World", "IBM Pushes Blockchain into the Supply Chain", "Sierra Leone: Building on a Hard-Won Peace", The Truth About Blood Diamonds — The international focus on "conflict minerals" is a self-serving charade. On July 21, 2006, he pleaded not guilty to crimes against humanity and war crimes,[10] of which he was found guilty in April 2012. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 01–13381 - Executive Order 13213—Additional Measures With Respect To Prohibiting the Importation of Rough Diamonds From Sierra Leone", "Public Law 108–19 - An Act To implement effective measures to stop trade in conflict diamonds, and for other purposes. Thousands of men, women, and children are used as slaves to collect diamonds, and they are forced to use their bare hands to dig in mud along river banks instead of digging with tools. It was also accused of falsifying certificates of origin. The certification process accounts for all rough diamonds, through every step of their movement, from mine to retail sale.

The last James Bond movie to star Pierce Brosnan as 007 [Die Another Day] features conflict diamonds prominently in the storyline. [40], On July 19, 2000, the World Diamond Congress at Antwerp adopted a resolution to strengthen the diamond industry's ability to block sales of conflict diamonds. Global Witness was one of the first organizations to pick up on the link between diamonds and conflicts in Africa in its 1998 report entitled "A Rough Trade". In 2000, the UN accused Liberian president Charles G. Taylor of supporting the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) insurgency in neighboring Sierra Leone with weapons and training in exchange for diamonds. Diamonds mined during the recent civil wars in Angola, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, and Guinea Bissauhave be… Partnership Africa Canada was created in 1986 to help with the crisis in Africa. 25, 2003", "FR Doc. The Kimberley process officials also notified in November 2013 that Ivory Coast was right producing artisanal diamonds. Liberia and Ivory Coast were under Kimberly Process sanctions as of December 2006. The legitimate diamond trade provides jobs for over 10 million workers and brings prosperity to areas where this activity occurs. However non-compliance by countries such as Venezuela has led to the failure of accountability. The story is interesting fiction, but it is based upon facts. The UN set out to find how this remaining illicit trade was being conducted and appointed Canadian ambassador Robert Fowler to investigate. [1][2][3] The term conflict resource refers to analogous situations involving other natural resources. Home » Minerals » Diamond » Blood Diamonds.