The coal was worked on the longwall system with the men using safety lamps and blasting was forbidden. As the inquest at Abram Council Offices, experts concluded that the hole had formerly been the shaft of the New Zealand Pit, officially known as No 7 Brookside Colliery. Mine rescue practice with the new canvas stretcher at the Mapole Colliery Wigan c 1935 Victoria Colliery, Standish, Wigan … He also said Ludovic loved the old engine and Onions believed he had sacrificed his life trying to save it. This was followed by a discharge of a large volume of dust and smoke from the pit.

A few days later, when the dust cleared, the front of Dolly could be made out 100 feet below pointing towards the sky. Over eighty witnesses were heard comprising miners who testified as to the state of the mine before the explosion and scientific witnesses giving evidence on the result and probable causes of the explosion. We also recommend that brick stoppings should be used in front of dirt stoppings in future. Indestructible mine fan. Mining agent Oswald Onions said he had examined the shaft only the day before and nothing appeared to be wrong. One great objection to the special rules in question is that they are not especially adapted to the “particular state and circumstances” of this mine, but are merely a common form in use in the district.

} else { 1908, 20th February, Glebe Colliery Washington, Disaster 14 lives lost (Durham Mining Museum) 1908, 4th March, Hamstead, Staffordshire. It would claim the lives of 72 miners in a wicked, horrific way. Golborne colliery has one of the best safety records in the industry. I think, proved, and the greater the ventilation the greater the risk of an explosion when gas breaks out. Led by Mr. Greenwall the consulting engineer and Mr. Peace, solicitor for the Company, the evidence presented to the Coroner had been slanted in their favour. For hours after the fireball had ripped its killing way through the pit, yellow smoke poured from the shaft - a stark aftermath of the horror underground but it was not until November of the following year that most of the victims were brought to the surface. url = url.replace( /#/, "" ); Another 100 men working at the pit at the time of the explosion, which occurred at about 1130 hours today, were taken to safety. Wigan. He could not explain why they did this. We are also of the opinion that there has been great laxity of discipline in relighting and relocking the lamps. Mr. Greenwell, another independent engineer, was of exactly that same opinion and similar evidence was also given by Mr. Hedley, Assistant Inspector of Mines, and by Mr. Hall, Her Majesty’s Inspector. It is believed the blast was caused when a build-up of methane gas caught light but it is not clear what caused the gas to ignite. A total of £30,000 was raised.

When one shift ended, a small army of shot firers entered the pit to bring down more coal for the next pitmen to shovel. Martha, who was taking her 11-month-old son for a walk, waved back and paused to watch the string of loaded coal wagons. And the last body was not recovered until 1917, nine years after the blast. It further appears to me to be wrong that the manager (Special Rule 1), the under officials (Special Rules 6), and the miners (Special Rule 25) should be told that it is their duty to comply with the “Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1872,” only so far as this is, “reasonably practicable”. Even when all hope was gone, the relatives still waited, the last persuaded to go home after two days.
The Yard Seam, in which the explosion took place, was divided into an east and a west district.

Up to about 4 o’clock, it was not definitely known whether the one hundred and fifty men in the Arley Mine were safe or not. A. It was five o'clock on the afternoon of Tuesday, August 18, 1908 when an explosion ripped the heart out of the Cannel Mine (No 1 Pit) at Abram's Maypole Colliery.

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“The evidence had all been burnt out of the record and the mouths of the witnesses stopped by the stony hand of death”. The weighting was so severe that it drove several miners out of their working places. It had been opened in 1885 and saw its last tub of coal in 1919. Immediately after the disaster their Superintendent of the Manchester District sent a telegram of condolence with a promise to pay up on all claims as soon as they were submitted.

Mr. Speakman said that he hear no weight at all, but appears to have given different evidence at the Wigan Borough inquest, as the jury there, in their verdict, attribute the explosion to a sudden outburst of gas given off be weighting in the roof, as explained by the witness Westhead and Speakman. The Right Hon. Richard James Cronshaw, aged 49 years, underlooker. The mine was considered safe and the proprietors had done everything they could for the safety of the men. Then inevitably the first wagons to topple began to drag the remainder faster and faster towards the crater.

The scale of relief was as follows, disabled men to receive 10/- a week and medical assistance. Your obedient servant, Robbed children of fathers. Moreover he disputed the blown out shot theory which was halfheartedly put forwards as the cause of the explosion by the officials. 1) Wigan is a town in Great Manchester; Wigan Pier, as in the great George Orwell work The Road to Wigan Pier (about the living and working conditions of the living and working poor). The lamp was not locked. The jury found that there was “great laxity of discipline in the relighting and relocking of lamps,” and recommended that the key should only be accessible through the fireman or some duly appointed person. On the whole evidence, I came to and remain of the opinion that the explosion was result of an accident and that no one was responsible for it.

By midnight twelve bodies had been recovered, all shockingly burnt, making identification difficult. There was high feeling in the area over the verdict and despite the lack of a criminal prosecution; there was by implication some culpable negligence on the part of the colliery owners. In the days following the tragedy, the Mayor of Wigan launched an appeal fund for the dependents of the miners who died. By 6 a.m. all the fires had been extinguished and a further fifteen bodies recovered making a death toll of twenty seven. 11, Old Square, Desmond Edwards, 44, died on 21 March. Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for the Home Department A most tragic case was that of the death of the underlooker, Mr. R.J. Cronshaw, son of the Vicar of St Thomas’s, Wigan.,and he was a most promising young man.

The explosion occurred in the No.4 pit of the Abram Coal Company at Abram, Lancashire, a small village outside Wigan. Just seven bodies were brought up before the water was released. It could have been the result of a fall of roof creating a build up of gas which was ignited by a broken lamp which was broken in the fall. I think the jury were averse to adopting this theory as to the cause of the ignition for two reasons: (1) their thorough belief in the efficiency of the Davy lamp which is in general use in the district, and (2) a desire to say nothing that might tend to lessen the amount of ventilation in a colliery. A Wigan miner kneeling down in a wash day alley, 1891. One of them, Frank Gormley, son of the president of the National Union of Miners (NUM), Joe Gormley, drove a train to the seam face to help carry the dead and injured out of the mine. The men’s lamps were tested and checked that they were locked before they went to work and an unlocked lamp had never been found. It was established that there were one hundred and fifty in the Lower Arley Mine at a depth of 650 yards and seventy in the Yard Mine at a depth 530 yards.