Further research is required to assess determinants of cat density, how cats are using rainforest, and their impacts on upland rainforest communities. playback of calls, provisioning, baiting, frequency and duration of human observation - consider using remote video surveillance. However, distance sampling required less effort and expertise, and was less invasive than were the other methods. Insect decline across the globe calls for urgent attention to conservation impacts from potential threats. Please find our published reports below. Wildlife includes free ranging and captive wild vertebrates, such as amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals, all introduced and indigenous species and feral domestic animals. Feral cats pose a risk to Australian wildlife and are difficult to control using conventional techniques. Two forms of wildlife contraception, immunocontraception and ContraPest, are discussed. Image by the authors. We examined patterns of cat activity and abundance across Melville Island and found that they were highest in areas characterised by frequent severe fires and high feral herbivore activity. We developed a flexible framework with the capacity to simulate individual interactions with baits, accommodate multi-species interaction and complex dynamics such as avoidance behaviours. Lethal control of eutherian predators via aerial baiting does not negatively impact female spotted-tailed quolls (Dasyurus maculatus maculatus) and their pouch young. However, in silico techniques, such as computer modelling, are used for population studies, including those aimed at evaluating methods of lethal/fertility control, investigating animal movements and predicting disease spread. Although wildlife contraception is under-researched and many specific details are highly uncertain, wildlife contraception has the potential to robustly improve animal welfare in a cost-effective way. We sought to determine whether cat detectability and density were lower in a rugged refuge for the central rock-rat, than in an adjacent valley with flatter terrain. Wildlife Research covers all major aspects of the ecology, management and conservation of wild animals in natural and modified habitats. utilising species/gender/age-specific experimental designs (e.g. Feral eradication programs are increasingly common on Australian offshore islands; however, planning such eradications is difficult. Many wildlife studies focus on conservation and management, with the aim of learning about the ecology of a population in the field. Early efforts relied on snow-track counts, but that approach became ineffective during mild winters. Based on an analysis of flight initiation distance data from 15 common coastal bird species, we recommend that a separation distance of at least 170 m be enforced. The present study aimed to examine how a population of long-nosed potoroos is coexisting with feral cats and showed that a ‘moderate’ cat density, temporal avoidance and predation-risk minimisation, and refuge availability are likely to be important. individual animals, cages of animals, social groups) to the minimum for the power level required, utilising statistical programmes that indicate when sufficient data have been collected for a significant result, avoiding repeating studies, unless it is essential for the purpose or design of the project. For example, human observation can disturb normal animal activities such that animals abandon their territories, home ranges or young. Yukon: Andrea Sidler nightjars.yt@wildresearch.ca Felixer traps were highly target specific and reduced the cat population by two-thirds in 6 weeks, suggesting that they are an effective tool for cat control. Intervention Report: Wildlife Photograph by Hugh Davies. Some field studies require altering the animals' habitat or behaviour as a goal of the study, whilst others require monitoring the animals in response to a change in habitat. online submission system to send us your manuscript. Assessing potential sources of harm to study and non-study species and how these will be eliminated or minimised should form part of all wildlife research proposals. Although translocated wombats adapted well to their new environment, they were difficult to capture and it did not reduce their activity at the source sites. V5M 1W6, Program Managers: Andrew Huang and Azim Shariff, Regional Coordinators: Many field studies involve manipulating the study animals involving capture, marking or additional procedures, or a combination of these, which can cause distress. The factors controlling the distribution and abundance of feral cats in northern Australia are poorly understood. Therefore applying the Three Rs in wildlife studies of higher levels of organization (such as populations and communities) is challenging because research goals may prioritize the collection of data from many animals over the welfare of individual animals.Wildlife Research is a site dedicated to teaching the public about animals. in such respects as light intensity, food etc.). Researchers should consider such issues when designing their studies. Management to reduce the frequency of severe fires and feral herbivore abundance may help suppress cat populations in this region. Contributions to socio-cultural aspects of human-wildlife relationships and to the history and sociology of hunting will also be considered. The ASPA also requires that the likely benefits of the research, to humans, animals or the environment, are weighed against the likely harms to the animals involved. Northwest Territories: Rhiannon Pankratz nightjars.nwt@wildresearch.ca Feral cats are a major cause of extinction globally (especially on islands), but few data are available from rainforests or the south-western Pacific. Wildlife research includes studies that focus on different levels of organization from individual animals to ecosystems. Domestic dogs and water availability effects on non-volant mammals in a protected area, Southeastern Brazil. On the basis of theory of planned behaviour, we identified underlying beliefs linked to public support of gene drive and pest-specific toxin for biodiversity gains. They are important seed dispersers, especially where large birds and large mammals are functionally or locally extinct. We obtained confiscated green turtles from Hainan Island, China, and used a genetic approach to determine that the Paracel Islands and the Sulu Sea rookeries are the most heavily affected areas by Hainan fishermen.