Garforth Colliery Middleton, 1825 Methane explosion thought to be caused by incorrect shotfiring. Lundhill Colliery Barnsley, 1854 Rothwell Haigh Colliery Victoria Pit Leeds, 1840 5 died. Barmby Furscoe Colliery Barnsley, 1805 Coalface fire after blasting. Hatfield Colliery closed in mid 2015. The smaller boys could crawl into smaller spaces into seams of coal. 59 died & 15 injured. 6 died. 71 died. 68 died. 143 died. 361 died. Two large scale strikes took place in 1844[13] and 1893. Methane explosion caused by shotfiring. A small selection of miners killed in the pits along with their occupation and the year of the accident. “We decided it needed to be somewhere prominent and the Longcauseway is the perfect location,” added Mr Ellis, a former councillor. Bullcroft Main Colliery Doncaster, 1941 Its western boundary is defined by the outcropping of coal seams in the foothills of the Pennines and in the east by the descent of the coal-bearing strata under overlying rocks as they approach the North Sea. 13 men & boys died. Also known as Oaks Colliery, see below. Methane explosion. [6] The coke was then used for iron and steel manufacture. Methane explosion caused by naked light. Flooding caused by a thunderstorm. The 20th century brought further strikes in 1912,[15] 1921[16] and the General Strike in 1926. Lundhill Colliery Barnsley, 1857 Barnburgh Main Colliery Doncaster, 1957 5 died. Methane explosion thought to be caused by shotfiring. Thorne Colliery Doncaster, 1926 7 died & 1 severely injured. 106 died. This has been a project of more than 20 years in the planning and it is something which still runs deep for relatives of the dead men and people in our town, which was once home to this mining community. Outside the coalfield technology changes also reduced the size of markets as ships moved increasingly to oil as their primary fuel source, and train routes were electrified. Coal mining has always been a dangerous business. Wheldale Colliery Castleford 1891 The major towns of Wakefield, Barnsley and Rotherham are within its boundaries. On 18 December 2015, miners at Kellingley worked their final shift, marking the end of Great Britain's deep coal mining industry. 1: Pre 1974, most coal mines in South Yorkshire were actually in the West Riding of Yorkshire. VERY DETAILED REPORT. Methane Explosion caused by shotfiring. 7 died & 10 injured. Aldwarke Main Colliery Rotherham, 1875 Methane Explosion caused by an arc from a damaged trailing cable on the coalface. Methane explosion caused by naked lights. Some notable disasters either for their effect outside the region or scale: Barrow Colliery Barnsley, 1907 Monument to honour 139 killed in one of Yorkshire's worst mining disasters It was a tragedy which left a Yorkshire mining community shocked and devastated. Inundation of water from old workings. Methane explosion caused by naked lights. 13 died & 1 injured. Paul Ellis, president of the Dewsbury Chamber of Trade, who has been involved with the plan to create a monument for more than two decades, said: “Out of the 139 dead, 46 of them were under 16. 22 died. 20 died. Methane explosions caused by spontaneous heating. The children, being children, did not always close the doors when they should, resulting in explosives gases building up in the working parts of the colliery often with fatal consequences. Methane Explosions cause unknown. 22 died. Allerton Bywater Colliery Castleford, 1930 Victoria Colliery Bruntcliffe Leeds, 1882 Methane explosion. A trust fund was set up nationally and around £30,000 was collected, equivalent to almost £4m today. 6 died. Methane explosion. For instance Walker, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne & Wear is listed as being in Northumberland as it is situated on the northern bank of the River Tyne. 10 died. 8 died & 2 injured. Some seams produced coal suitable for raising steam, i.e. Now, 127 years later, a lasting memorial is to be built in memory those who lost their lives in one of the UK's biggest ever coal mining disasters. Nunnery Colliery Sheffield, 1923 Unseen images of Yorkshire in the 1950s and 60s released by Historic England, Yorkshire's 'stealth' heritage: The hidden monuments that many people don't know exist. East Ardsley Colliery Barnsley, 1809 Edmunds Main Colliery Barnsley, 1862 The coal measures are carboniferous rocks laid down between 290 and 354 million years ago. [4], The northernmost extent of the South Yorkshire Coalfield is marked by the change of its richest and highest grade coal seam, the Barnsley Seam or Bed, to a thin seam of inferior coal which occurs to the north of Barnsley. This small scale mining persisted well into the late 1780s when the 4th Earl Fitzwilliam's colliery at Lawwood had only 19 "picks" or miners. Ravenslodge Colliery Dewsbury, 1892 An example of this is permission granted by Sir John Fitzwilliam in 1367 for mining to take place on his estate near Elsecar south of Barnsley. Since the creation of the county of South Yorkshire in 1974, the name can be misleading as the coalfield stretches beyond the Wakefield district and other parts of West Yorkshire as far as Keighley and Kellingley Colliery and the Selby Coalfield are in North Yorkshire. 25 died. Warren Vale Colliery Swinton, 1851 Methane explosion caused by naked light and sudden gas outburst. Methane explosion caused by safety lamp being opened to relight it. Shaft accident, the cage was overwound. The canal called the Dearne & Dove Canal was started in 1793 and completed in 1796. Methane explosion caused by naked lights. The early part of the century was marked by increasing competition in foreign markets for the coal and as a result some mines were amalgamated to reduce costs and improve competitiveness. This increase in demand drove colliery owners to move further eastwards away from the shallow coal seams sinking deeper shafts as the Barnsley seam, which was their main target dipped downwards. 1847 Methane Explosion caused by poor ventilation and the use of naked lights. Lower Elsecar Colliery Barnsley, 1852 11 died. The South Yorkshire Coalfield has suffered some the worst mining disasters in Great Britain and the largest disaster in terms of fatalities in England. Oaks Colliery Barnsley, 1866 Methane Explosions cause unknown. Methane explosion killed 5 men and seriously injured another. Methane explosion caused by naked light. Methane explosion caused by naked lights. Unknown Accident. Methane explosion. ©JPIMedia Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved. “We have the full list of all names, ages with some local surnames we recognise. Manrider accident. Methane explosion caused by naked lights. Only seven men survived. "This explosion had such a devastating impact on communities in Thornhill and surrounding areas such as Whitley, Briestfield and Middlestown, Horbury and into Dewsbury. Barnsley Main Colliery Barnsley, 1942 Methane explosion caused by a fire in the gob. [13] They were largely unsuccessful. A huge mining wheel, rescued from Denaby Main Colliery, Mexborough, in south Yorkshire, is to be installed in the centre of Dewsbury later this year, on the Longcauseway. 22 died & 3 injured. Methane explosion caused by naked lights. Houghton Main Colliery Barnsley, 1930 The South Yorkshire Coalfield has suffered some the worst mining disasters in Great Britain and the largest disaster in terms of fatalities in England. The most famous seam in the South Yorkshire Coalfield was the Barnsley seam or bed. Manrider Accident. Walton Colliery Wakefield, 1959 The coal would have been used locally as a heating fuel or in the production of iron. 11 died & 1 injured. This area is known as the exposed coalfield. Manrider Accident. Wheldale Colliery Castleford, 1923 Some notable disasters either for their effect outside the region or scale: Barmby Furscoe Colliery Barnsley, 1803 Brightside Colliery Sheffield, 1867 361 died. During the Second World War, to ensure production levels were met, conscript labour redirected from the armed forces, the Bevin Boys, was used in the collieries. [11] These mines were shallow shafts or adits that exploited the coal seams where they outcropped. This can be seen with sinking of the Elsecar New Colliery by the 4th Earl Fitzwilliam. The information given in the following tables is the result of seven years research into fatal coal mining accidents in several counties. It closed in 2013.). Methane explosion caused by safety broken after a roof fall. The top of the seam was a soft bright coal, the middle section known as the "hards" was a dull hard high quality coal suitable for raising steam. It is being painted and restored. Following nationalisation in 1947 working conditions improved but pay fell behind national averages. Methane explosion at the coalface caused by the flash from a damaged power cable. And seven of the 46 were only 12. Information about disasters within the UK mining industry durng which 5 or more miners died. The results of these actions carried out against a backdrop of a volatile and declining market was that by the time the collieries of South Yorkshire were sold to private owners in the mid nineties the coal they produced was some of the cheapest in the developed world. Historic photos showcase life at former textile mill in Leeds, Yorkshire stately home Wentworth Woodhouse reveals visitor numbers and job opportunities after 'astonishing' 2019. Methane explosion thought to be caused by sparks from the loader motor. Wharncliffe Carlton Colliery Barnsley, 1883 9 died. The British coal mining industry was nationalised in 1947. 10 died. Methane Explosion caused by a pony driver having gone out of the fresh air with a naked flame. The contemporary colliery ventilation techniques were often poorly applied and even in collieries where the ventilation was well engineered the technique had a significant flaw. [13], During the 19th century a variety of unions or associations such as the Mining Association of Great Britain & Ireland, the Miners National Union and the Miners Federation of Great Britain were formed to campaign for improved wages and better working conditions. It is separate from the Ingleton Coalfield in North Yorkshire, and a small number of mines around Todmorden are part of the Lancashire Coalfield. “The victims have never been officially remembered and a lasting memorial is needed. Rawmarsh Colliery Rotherham, 1874 Westwood Colliery Sheffield, 1862 Aldwarke Main Colliery Rotherham, 1904 7 died, 3 injured. 10 died & 4 injured. Micklefield Colliery Leeds, 1896 This in turn forced the colliery owners in Southern Yorkshire to improve their access to the sea. Thrybergh Hall Colliery Rotherham, 1863 Water Haigh Colliery Leeds, 1910 7 died. 63 died, 31 injured. Higham Colliery Barnsley, 1860 The canal with branches to Elsecar and Worsborough allowed collieries through the coal field to be expanded. Methane explosion at the coal face caused by an arc formed between the cores of the trailing cable and a moving nut on the rocker arm of the driving gear of the shaker conveyor. The colliery closure that started the strike was at Cortonwood in South Yorkshire. The rope broke when the cage was descending the shaft. Darley Main Colliery Barnsley, 1849 Some notable disasters either for their effect outside the region or scale: 2: The Selby Coalfield straddled the border of North and West Yorkshire, Coordinates: 53°28′55″N 1°17′38″W / 53.482°N 1.294°W / 53.482; -1.294, History of the development of the coalfield, Coal Seams of the South Yorkshire Coalfield, Northern Mine Research Society – Mines of coal and other stratified minerals in Yorkshire from 1854, "History of the NUM: 1 - Towards a national union", "History of the NUM: 2 - Baptism by fire", "History of the NUM: 3 - Fighting for Principles", "History of the NUM: 4 - The Lock-out of 1921", "History of the NUM: 5 - The general strike", Coal seams of the South Yorkshire Coalfield, List of collieries in Yorkshire (1984–2015), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Yorkshire_Coalfield&oldid=966719971, Geography of the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.